Chapter 13

vicksqueak's version from 2017-04-22 14:42

Section 1

Question Answer
A speech intended to amuse, interest, and engage listeners.Speech to Entertain
A speech intended to increase listeners' understanding, awareness, or knowledge of some topic.Speech to Inform
A speech intended to change listeners' attitudates, beliefs, or behaviors or to motivate listeners to action.Speech to Persuade
Exists when listeners believe in a speaker and trust what the speaker says.Credibility
The expertise, dynamism, and character that listeners attribute to them before they begin to speak. It is based on titles, experiences, and achievements.Initial Credibility
The expertise and trustworthiness attributed to a speaker by listeners as a result of how the speaker communicates during a presentation.Derived Credibility
The cumulative combination of initial and derived credibility.Terminal Credibility

Section 2

Question Answer
Material used to support claims, such as those made in a public speech.Evidence
A form of evidence that uses numbers to summarize a great many individual cases or to demonstrate relationships between phenomena.Statistics
A form of evidence in which a single instance is used to make a point, to dramatize an idea, or to personalize information.Example
A form of evidence associating two things that are similar or different in some important way or ways.Comparison
A form of evidence that uses exact citations of others' statements.Quotation
An image, such as a chart, graph, photograph, or physical object that reinforces ideas presented verbally or provides information.Visual Aid

Section 3

Question Answer
The main idea of an entire speech; should capture the key message in a concise sentence that listeners can remember easily.Thesis Statement
A word, phrase, or sentence that connects ideas and main points in a speech so that listeners can follow a speaker.Transition
Visual, vocal, and verbal aspects of the delivery of a public speech or other communication.Oral Style
Involves little preperation; speakers think on their feet as they talk about ideas and positions with which they are familiar.Impromptu Delivery
Includes preparation and practice, but not memorization of actual words and nonverbal behaviors.Extemporaneous Delivery
Involves presenting a speech from a complete, written text.Manuscript Delivery
A speaker commits an entire speech to memory and presents it without relying on a written text or notes.Memorized Delivery