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Chapter 1 -The Science of Bio Vocab

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stephanieyw's version from 2018-09-13 03:01

Section

Question Answer
Scienceorganised way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the natural world
ObservationProcess of noticing and describing events or processes in a careful, orderly way
Inference a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience
Hypothesispossible explanation for a set of observations or possible answer to a specific question
Dataevidence, information gathered from obeservations
Independent variablefactor in a controlled experiment that is deliberately changed; also called manipulated variable
Dependent variablevariable that is observed and that changes in response to the independent variable; also called the responding variable
Control Groupgroup in an experiment that is exposed to the same conditions as the experimental group except for one independent variable
Theorywell-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observations and hypothesis, and enables scientists to make accurate predictions about new situations
Biologyscientific study of life
DNAgenetic material that organisms inherit from their parents
Sexual Reproduction Type of reproduction in which cells from 2 parents unite to form the first cell of a new organism
Asexual Reproductionprocess of reproduction involving a single parent that results in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent
Homeostasisrelatively constant internal physical and chemical conditions that organisms maintain
Metabolismthe combination of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down material
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