Chap 4

madamj2004's version from 2016-02-23 05:08

Section General Overview

Question Answer
Value gives meaning to lives and guides person behavior
personal valueswhen someone internalize some or all of the values (it becomes your own)
Professional valuesare acquired during socialization into professional nursing from code of ethics, experiences, teachers and peers
Value clarificationthe process in which someone, examine and develop their own values
Clarify one's own valuemust take place as to not impose personal value up others
Moralityright and wrong in conduct, behavior, character or attitude
Moralitywhat is required for people to live together in society
Moral developmentchange in moral behavior that occurs with age
KohlbergState that moral development progresses through three levels
Gilligan described three processes of development "ethic of care"
ethic of carecare of self / caring for others / caring for self and others
Moral issues arouse conscience
Ethical Problemscreated due to changes in society, tech, nursing conflict, .....
Decision and actionWhat are the two focus problems
Client advocacyRespect client decisions and enhance client autonomy, protect the rights of clients


Question Answer
Ethicalright thing to do
Valuemoral nature amplified by (honesty or doing good) - intentional action
Valuenon-moral in nature related to person preferences (neatness or achievement)
How value learnedsocial cultural - observation - experienced
What people need to feel accepted?societal values
What people need to build individuality?personal values
Where do Professional values steam from?personal values and nursing socialization
How nurses must behave to be considered nonjudgement attitude?value-neutral
MoralsStandards of right and wrong that shape human character
EthicsValues that influence a person's behavior
Personal valuesPersonal system of beliefs based on decisions made over a lifetime of experiences
ValuesPersonal beliefs about the worth of an object, an idea, a custom, or an attitude
Value clarificationProcess of self-evaluation that helps a person gain insight into individually held values
Do no harmNon-maleficence
Do goodBeneficence
Freedom to chooseAutonomy
LiabilityLegal responsibility
Frauda deliberate deception for the purpose of personal gain and usually prosecuted as a crime
AdvocateOne who defends or pleads a cause or issue on behalf of another
HIPAAcontains guidelines and regulations protecting client information and regulating what is shared, as well as when and with whom it is shared

Ethical Framework

Question Answer
What are the two ways in which theories of ethics classifiedconsequential and non-consequential
Which theory focuses on the outcomeconsequential (result base ethics)
Which theory focuses on rules,laws and ideas non-consequential
Name the type of theory that the ends justify the meansteleology
Name the type of theory that adhere to the right action no matter the consequencesdeontology
The type of theory that focus on duty deontology
The type of ethic in which the action is good as long as the intent is goodvirtue ethics
Give the types of ethical problemsdecision and action focus problem
The type of ethics that applies life sciencebioethics
Teleology is classified as which type of ethical theoryconsequential
Deontology is classified as which type of ethical theorynon-consequential

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