Chap.14 HIM 230 Test 1 Part 1

rad2329's version from 2018-01-30 03:29

Section 1

Question Answer
*What are the 5 types/categories of Information Systems (IS); mnemonic OEMEK Operation Support systems; Enterprise-wide systems; Management support information Systems; Expert systems; Knowledge management systems
*IS (Information Systems) have 5 activitiesInput; Processing; Output; Storage; Controlling
*What are the 3 types/categories of the Operating system "Management Support Information System)Managment Information Systems(MIS), Decision Support Systems (DSS), and Exective Information Systems (EIS)
*What are the 5 IS components?Hardware; Software; Communications Technology; Data; Work Processes
*What is the 3rd type of IS and who might use it and to help with what?Management Support Information System, Middle Managers i.e. Directors of a department to support manager decision making.
*Which is the 1st type of IS, considered the "Main or Big" system?Operation Support Systems
*What are two examples of Operation Support Systems?(TPS) Transaction-processing Systems; Enterprise Collaboration Systems
*What is the 2nd type of IS and what is its purpose?Enterprisewide System - A large IS that manages data for an entire healthcare business.
*Give at least 2 examples of an Enterprise-wide system activity. Human resource management - Financial management - Cusomter relationship management, Supply chain planning, Sales and logistics
*What is the 4th type of IS, and what purpose does it provide?Expert System - A knowledge system built from a set of rules applied to specific problems (Can take the place of a human expert when it comes to problem solving)
*What is the 5th type of IS, what is its purpose and how does it achieve it?Knowledge Management System - It has the potential to increase work effectiveness (Exp. Assists a person doing research): Supports creation, organization, and clinical knowledge & expertise; Library of best practices; Web-based technologies

Section 2

Question Answer
*In an Operation Support System what are the "characteristics of the Transaction-processing system (TPS)?Inputs and outputs; Users; Products; Support MISs and DSSs
The TPS (the main operation support system of the Operation Support System), what type of information might go into this, who might use this, and what might this be used for?Patient admissions or discharges, lower level managers might use this to make daily decisions (how many workers do we have to the number of patients, should someone be sent home
The Enterprise Collaboration System in and Operation Support System serves what purpose?A system that assists in the office automation of the institution. Exp. Electronic main and Appointment scheduling, Videoconferencing systems to hold electronic meetings.
What is an information system? Multiple choice questions.A. A collection of related components that interact to perform a task in order to accomplish a goal: B. The integration of several elements in a business process to effect a specific outcome: C. A process that refines raw facts into meaninful information: D. All of the above
The 1st type of Management Support IS is _______ and purpose does it provide for who?Mangement Information System; Used for transaction data input by middle managers to produce reports
Define Information System (IS)A system that receives and processes input and provides output; An automated system that uses computer hardware and software to record, manipulate, store, recover, and disseminate data.
The 2nd type of Management Support IS is _______ , what does it assist with, and what are its characteristics?Decision Support System; It assists in making accurate decisions: Inputs & Outputs include summarized reports, trasaction & external data (DB built in); Top, middle managers, and clinicians; Analytic models
The 3rd type of Management Support IS is _______ , what does it assist with, and what are its characteristics??Executive Information System: It assists higher up management (VP, CIO's, Board of Directors, etc.) in seeing a variety of data across the board: Easy to use DSS; Designed for top managers; Dashboards (Nice data presentation that allows executive high level managment to help see the big picture.
What is the differenct between data and information?One represents Raw fact and figures where the other represents the meaningful interpretation of data
*Development of Information Systems (System development life cycle) SDLC?PADIM: Planning - Analysis - Design - Implementation - Maintenance
*In the planning phase of the Development of Information systems who gives guidance to make sure the clinical needs are being met? Chief Information Officer (CIO)

Section 3

Question Answer
What is the 1st phase of the System Development Life Cycle of IS and what is its purpose?Planning - What are the priorities in adopting a new IS technology. (Have a Steering committee, usually the CIO oversees)
What is the 2nd phase of the System Development Life Cycle of IS and what is its purpose?Analysis - The "what" phase, (Request for system, System Analysis, Document Requirements, Indentifies what system needs to accomplish) Unified modeling language, make sure functions, benefits and costs are in check
What is the 3rd phase of the System Development Life Cycle of IS and what is its purpose?Design - The "how" phase, Specifies the functions of the system and provides the design/blueprint of the proposed system: Specifies design of system; models (object design, physical design, screen prototypes), In house development or purchase
What is the 4th phase of the System Development Life Cycle of IS and what is its purpose?Implementation - Have to get hardware/software, train managers/employees, write policies & procedures convert from old to new system; Testing system, System documentation, User training, System conversion
What is the 5th phase of the System Development Life Cycle of IS and what is its purpose?Maintenance and Evaluation - Maintain system to make sure the short and long term IS is there, backup procedures, upgrade procedures, tech support (Identify potential problems and take steps to correct Evaluating effectiveness of system, Return on investment)
What is a Gantt Chart?A table that shows us visually when are we going to have something done (A set of timeline blueprints)
In the implentation phase of the System Development Life Cycle of IS what is a big piece of the puzzle that is undervalued and overlooked?Training of those who will test and use the system
*During the Implementation Phase In the converstion of an IS to a "New System", what are the 3 types of approaches?Parallel - Phased - Direct cutover
*What is the 1st type of approach in the implementation of the conversion to the new system and explain the 1st approach?Parallel - The company is running both the old and new systems at the same time. (Running two systems)
*What is the 2nd type of approach in the implementation of the conversion to the new system and explain the approach?Phased - Install one section, department by department rather than all at once (Instead of installing every componenet to the entire system all at once it is done in phases)
*What is the 3rd type of approach in the implementation of the conversion to the new system and explain the approach?Direct cutover - On this date we are "flipping" the switch from the old system to the new system all at once.

Section 4

Question Answer
*What are the 6 categories of computers?Supercomputers - Mainframe Systems - Midrange Systems - Microcomputers - Handheld devices (Generic) - Cellular Phones
*Supercomputers are the _______ and are used in _______?fastest and highest-capacity machines built today, large-scale activities such as weather forecasting and mathematical research.
*Mainframe systems would be used in _______ and can handle ________hospital, many inputs and outputs
*Midrange systems are ________ and ______ ?Minicomputers (can support 100's of connected users but not as powerful as a mainframe), Workstations (Desktop computer, can do different jobs & activities)
*Microcomputers are _____?Personal computers such as smaller desktops, laptops, blackberry types and can be used in a stand-alone environment or connected to a network
*Generic Handheld Devices are _____?Lightweight mobile devices that provide special functions but have limited capability (send emails, use word, no powerful functions (can take notes, organize phone number/addresses, and calendaring). Exp. iPads, Kindles
*Cellular Phones are ______?Web based telephone having features of analog and digital devices also referred to as a smart phone (can send emails, connect to internet, can have special applications)
What are the 3 types of computersAnalog - Digital - Hybrid
Explain an "Analog" type of computer.Based on voltage and current, low memory size, limited
Explain a "Digital" type of computer0's and 1's, electrical impluses, how many signals they ge in a time period. Can process more and function at a higher capacity
Explain a "Hybrid" computer.A combination of an analog and a digital computer, fast and accurate. This type is used in places like ICU monitors in a hospital

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