cesar521's version from 2016-01-17 20:53


Question Answer
adaptive behaviorskills that allow people to live independently, such as being able to work at a job and communicate
analytical intelligencethe ability to break problems down into component parts, or analysis, for problem solving ex. book smarts
availability heuristica mental shortcut that relies on immediate examples that come to a given person's mind when evaluating a specific topic
binet and simoncame up with a test that not only distinguished between fast and slow learners but also between children of different age groups as well
cognitive universalismconcepts are universal and influence the development of language
confirmation biasthe tendency to search for evidence that fits one’s beliefs while ignoring any evidence to the contrary
convergent thinkinga problem is seen as having only one answer and all lines of thinking will eventually lead to (converge on) that single answer
creative intelligencethe ability to deal with new and different concepts and to come up with new ways of solving problems
divergent thinkingtype of thinking in which a person starts from one point and comes up with many different ideas or possibilities based on that point.
dovedemonstrate that a significant language/dialect barrier exists among children of different backgrounds
emotional intelligencethe accurate awareness of and ability to manage one’s own emotions to facilitate thinking and attain specific goals, and the ability to understand what others feel
flynn effectobservations suggest iq scores are steadily increasing over time, from generation to generation.
functional fixednessthinking about objects only in terms of their typical uses, which is a phenomenon ex. screwdriver to fix something
g factorgeneral intelligence ability to reason and solve problems
heritabilityproportion of change in iq within a population that is caused by hereditary factors
heuristican educated guess based on prior experiences that helps narrow down the possible solutions for a problem
intellectual disabilitythe person exhibits deficits in mental abilities and adaptive behavior is severely below a level appropriate for the person’s age
intelligencethe ability to learn from one’s experiences, acquire knowledge, and use resources effectively
intelligence quotientdivide the mental age (ma) by the chronological age (ca) and multiply the result by 100
linguistic relativity hypothesisthought processes and concepts within any culture are determined by the words of the culture
mental setthe tendency for people to persist in using problem-solving patterns that have worked for them in the past
morphemesthe smallest units of meaning within a language. ex, the word playing consists of two morphemes, play and ing
normsthe scores from the standardization group
phonemes the basic units of sound in a language. a in car and a in the word day
practical intelligencestreet smarts
pragmaticsthe practical aspects of communicating with others. ex. taking turns talking, different ways of speaking to different people
prototypea concept that closely matches the defining characteristics of the concept ex. apples
reliability of a testthe test producing consistent results each time it is given to the same individual or group of people
representativeness heuristicused for categorizing objects and simply assumes that any object (or person) that shares characteristics with the members of a particular category is also a member of that category
s factorspecific intelligence, task-specific abilities in certain areas such as music, business, or art
semanticsthe rules for determining the meaning of words and sentences
standardizationthe process of giving the test to a large group of people that represents the kind of people for whom the test is designed
stereotype threatbeing aware of negative stereotypes can result in an individual scoring poorly on intelligence tests
syntaxa system of rules for combining words and phrases to form grammatically correct sentences.
triarchic theory of intelligencesternberg, this theory includes analytical, creative, and practical intelligence
validity of a testthe degree to which a test actually measures what it’s supposed to measure.
wechslerthe first to devise a series of tests designed for specific age groups