CH02 Levels of Organization_Table 2.1 Organ Systems of the Body => Medical Terminology A Living Language Ed 6 (Fremgen & Frucht)

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Section 1

Question Answer
Forms protective two-way barrier and aids in temperature regulation: system and specialty(ies)Integumentary System: dermatology
Structures of Integumentary System: skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands
Skeleton supports and protects the body, forms blood cells, and stores minerals. Muscles produce movement: system and specialty(ies)musculoskeletal system: orthopedics, orthopedic surgery
structures of musculoskeletal system:bones, joints, muscles
Pumps blood throughout the entire body to transport nutrients, oxygen, and wastes: system and specialtiesCardiovascular System: cardiology
Transports oxygen,protects against pathogens, and controls bleeding: system and specialty(ies)Blood (hematic System): hematology
structures of Cardiovascular systemheart, arteries, veins
structures of hematic system:plasma, erythroctyes, leukocytes, platelets
Protects the body from disease and invasion from pathogens: System / specialtyLymphatic System: immunology
structures of the Lymphatic System:lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, spleen, thymus gland, tonsils

Section 2

Question Answer
Obtains oxygen and removes carbon dioxide from the body: system/specialtyrespiratory system: otorhinolaryngology, pulmonology, thoracic surgery
structures of the respiratory system: nasal cavity, pharynx, larnyx, trachea, bronchial tubes, lungs
Ingests, digests and absorbs nutrients for the body:Digestive or Gastrointestinal System: gastroenterology, proctology
Filters waste products out of the blood and removes them from the body: system/specialtyUrinary System: nephrology, urology
structures for the Digestive or Gastrointestinal system (GI):oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, salivary gland
structures for the urinary system:kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
produces eggs for reproduction and provides place for growing baby: system, specialtyFemale Reproductive System: gynecology (GYN), obstetrics (OB)
Structures for Female Reproductive System: ovary, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, breasts
Produces sperm for reproduction: system and specialtyMale Reproductive System: urology
structures for the male reproductive system:testes, epididymis, vas deferens, penis, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral gland

Section 3

Question Answer
regulates metabolic activities of the body: system and specialtyEndocrine System: endocrinology
structures of the Endocrine System:pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, thymus gland, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries, testes
Receives sensory information and coordinates the body's response:nervous system: neurology, neurosurgery
structures of the nervous system: brain, spinal cord, nerves
vision and hearing and balance: system/ specialtiesspecial senses: [vision] opthalmology; [hearing and balance] otorhinolaryngology (ENT)
structures of vision:eyes
structure of hearing and balance:ear