Ch. 9 Vocab

sami92's version from 2017-07-31 16:10

Section 1

Question Answer
MotivationA stimulus that can direct behavior, thinking, and feeling
IncentiveAn association est. between a behavior and its consequences, which then motivates that behavior
Extrinsic MotivatonThe drive or urge to continue a behavior because of external reinforcers
Intrinsic MotivationThe drive or urge to continue a behavior because of internal reinforcers
InstinctsComplex behaviors that are fixed, unlearned, and consistent within a species
NeedsPhysiological or psychological requirements that must be maintained at some baseline or constant state
HomestasisTendency for bodies to maintain constant states through internal controls
Drive-reduction TheorySuggests that maintaining homeostasis motivates us to meet biological needs
DriveA state of tension that pushes us or motivates behaviors to meet a need

Section 2

Question Answer
Arousal TheorySuggests that humans are motivated to seek an optimal level of arousal, or alertness and engagement in the world
Hierarchy of NeedsA continuum of needs that are universal and ordered in terms of the strength of their associated drives.
Self-ActualizationThe need to be one's best and strive for one's fullest potential
Self-Determination TheorySuggests that humans are born with the need for competence, relatedness, and autonomy, which are always driving us in the direction of growth and optimal functioning
Need for AchievementA drive to reach attainable goals especially in the face of competition
Need for PowerA drive to control and influence others
Set PointThe Stable weight that is maintained despite variability in exercise and food intake
Anorexia NervosaEating Disorder indentified by significant weight loss, an intense fear of being overweight, a false snese of body image, and a refusal to eat the proper amount of calories to achieve a healthy weight
Bulimia NervosaEating Disorder characterized by extreme overeating followed by purging, with serious health risks
Binge-Eating DisorderEating disorder characterized by episodes of extreme overeating, during which a larger amount of food is consumedthan most people would eat in a similar amount of time inder similar circumstances

Section 3

Question Answer
EmotionA psychological state that includes a subjective or inner experience, a physiological component, and a behavioral expression