Ch.8 Public Speaking

cc0763's version from 2016-02-03 17:20


Question Answer
Topical OrganazationArrangement of the natural divisions in a central idea, according to recency, primacy, complexity, or the speakers discretion
PrimacyArrangement of ideas from the most the least important
RecencyArrangement of ideas from the least to the most important
Complexity Arrangement of ideas from the simple to the more complex
Chronological Organization Organization by the time or sequence
Spatial OrganazationOrganization based on location or direction
Cause-and -effect organazationOrganization that focuses on a situation and its causes or situation and its effects
Problem-Solution OrganzationOrganization focused on a problem and its various solutions or on a solution and the problems it would solve
Soft EvidenceSupporting material based mainly on opinion or inference; includes hypothetical illustrations, descriptions, explanations, definitions and analogies
Hard EvidenceFactual examples and statistics
Signposts Cues about the relationships between a speakers ideas
PreviewA statement of what is to come
Initial Preview A statement in the introduction of a speech of what the main ideas of the speech will be
Internal PreviewA statement in the body of a speech that introduces and outlines ideas that will be developed as the speech progresses
Transition A verbal or nonverbal signal that a speaker has finished discussing one idea and is moving to another
Verbal Transition A word or phrase that indicates the relationship between two ideas
Nonverbal A facial expression, vocal cue, or physical movement that indicates that a speaker is moving from one idea to the next
SummaryA recap of what has been said
Final SummaryA restatement of the main ideas of a speech, occurring near the end of the speech
Internal Summary A restatement in the body of a speech of the ideas that have been developed so far
Preparation OutlineA deatiled outline of a speech that includes the central idea, main ideas, and supporting materials ( also may include the parts of a basic outline)
Speaking NotesA brief outline used when a speech is delivered
MappingUsing geometric shapes to sketch how all the main ideas,sub points, and supporting material of a speech relate to teh central idea and to one another
Standard Outline FormNumbered and lettered headings and subheadings arranged hierarchically to indicate the relationships among parts of a speech