Ch. 5 Respiratory System

anamariefalke's version from 2016-03-16 18:11

Section 1

Question Answer
acute respiratory distress syndromepreventing enough oxygen to get to the lungs
asthmaconstriction and inflammation of airways
chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaserestricting air flow which makes it difficult to breathe
coccidioidomyosisfungal disease of the lungs and sometimes other organs
cor pulmonalecardiac disease
croup condition caused by viral, bacterial infection, allergy or foreign body
cystic fibrosisexcess mucus in the respiratory tract
deviated septumone nasal cavity is smaller caused by injury or malformation
emphysemaalveoli becoming swollen and they don't receive enough oxygen
idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis reduces the capacity of the lungs
influenzainfection of the respiratory tract
obstructive sleep apnearepetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep
pertussisbacterial infection of the respiratory tract (whooping cough)
pleural effusionfluid in the pleural space
pulmonary edema fluid in the alveoli and bronchioles
pulmonary embolism blood clot broken loose from deep veins
tuberculosisbacterial disease in the lungs or other organs
upper respiratory infection infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx or larynx (common cold)

Section 2

Question Answer
chest computed tomography scanradiographic images of the chest to find tumors, masses and pleural effusion
chest radiographimage of the chest to view lungs and heart
ventilation-perfusion scanninginhaling or injecting medicine to an artery to show how well air is distributed
acid-fast bacilli smeartest to determine the presence of acid-fast bacilli
sputum culture and sensitivity test to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria
arterial blood gasestest to determine the levels on oxygen, carbon dioxide and acidity
peak flow meterinstrument used to measure how fast air can be pushed out of lungs
pulmonary function teststests performed to measure breathing capacity
pulse oximetrymeasuring oxygen in the blood by device that attaches to fingertips
auscultationlistening for sounds within the body through a stethoscope
percussiontapping the body surface to determine the density of where the sound is uptained
purified protein derivative skin testtest performed on individuals that have been exposed to tuberculosis
stethoscopeinstrument used to hear internal body sounds

Section 3

Question Answer
airwaypassageway where air enters and leaves the lungs
asphysialack of oxygen for tissue use
aspirateto drain fluid`
bronchoconstictornarrowing of the bronchi
bronchodilatoragent causing the bronchi to widen
cracklessounds heard with a stethoscope; heard at the base of the lung
hyperventilationbreathing faster or deeper than necessary
hypoventilationbreathing slow or less than normal and not meeting the bodys needs
mucopurulent containing mucus and pus
mucusslimy fluid
nebulizerdevice that creates a mist that delivers medication for respiratory treatment
nosocomial infectioninfection acquired from the hospital
paroxysmsudden attack, episode
patentopen, allowing passage of air
rhonchibreath sounds heard with a stethoscope
sputummucous secretion from the mouth
stridorbreath sounds heard on inspiration( intake of air)
ventilatordevice used to assist or substitute breathing