Ch 4-6 Music History Vocab.

gordongunn's version from 2015-11-29 08:24

Section 1

Question Answer
Monophonysingle voiced
Heterophonytwo or more different melodic lines are combined (improv)
Improvisationsome of the music is created on the spot
Polyphonicmany voiced (counterpoint)
Homophonysingle voice takes over the melodic interest
homorythmtexture where all voices or lines move in the same rythm
counter pointart of combining 2 or more simultanious melodic lines
imitationmelodic idea is presented in one voice and restated in another
canonusage of imitation
roundform of canon in which each voice enters in succession with same melody
retrogradea statement of the melody backward (last to 1st)
Inversiontechnique that turns melody upside down
retrograde inversionupside down and backward
augmentationcalls for the melody to be presented in longer time values (usually twice as long)
diminutitionmelody is presented in short time values

Section 2

Question Answer
repitionfixes the material in our minds and satisfies our need for the familiar
contrastsimulates our interests and feeds our love for change
variationsome aspects of the music are altered but the original is still recognizable
improvisationpieces created in performance as opposed to being precomposed
binary2 part form based on a statement and a departure w/out a return to the opening section
ternary3 part form which extends the idea of statement and departure by bringing back the first section
themethe first in a series of musical events (most recognizable)
thematic developmentelaborating or varying of a musical idea
sequencestyle of repition (restatement)
motivesmallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic/rythmic unit
call and responseresponsorial music
ostinatoa short musical pattern that is repeated continually throughout a work or a major section of a composition

Section 3

Question Answer
temporate of speed
gravesolemn. very very slow
largobroad. very slow
adogioquite slow
andantea walking pace
allegrofast, cheerful
prestovery fast
accelerandogetting faster
ritardandoholding back, getting faster
a tempoin time, or returning to the origingal pace
dynamicsdenote the volume at which music is played
pianissimovery soft
mezzo pianomoderately soft
mezzo fortemoderately/loud
fortissimovery loud
crescendogrowing louder
decrescendogrowing softer
metronomemeasure the exact number of beats per min