CH 28

jennraq2u's version from 2016-09-09 01:17


Question Answer
mitral valve stenosispulse is weak and often irregular because of atrial fibrillation
characteristic symptom of pericarditischest pain
first symptom of mitral stenosisoften dyspnea on exertion as a result of pulmonary venous hypertension
dilated cardiomyopathysignificant dilation of the ventricles w/out hypertrophy & systolic dysfunction
Orthotopic transplantationPT's heart removed & donor heart implanted @ vena cava & pulmonary veins
first symptom of mitral stenosisSOB (dyspnea) on exertion as a result of pulmonary venous hypertension
Mechanical valves necessitatelong-term use of required anticoagulants
aortic regurgitation/ blood from aorta returns to LV during diastole in addition to the blood normally delivered by LA=Dilates->LV Hypertrophy
pathophysiology of all cardiomyopathies= impaired cardiac output; Priority care plan =>Improved cardiac output
Patients with a mechanical valve prosthesisrequire education to prevent infective endocarditis/ Infxn Prevention
Patients with mitral stenosis are advisedavoid strenuous activities which increase heart rate
After undergoing percutaneous balloon valvuloplastypatient usually remains in the hospital for 24 to 48 hours
Some valvuloplasty procedurescan be performed in a cardiac catheterization laboratory
dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) dilationventricles w/out simultaneous hypertrophy=>decreased ejection fraction
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)cardiac arrest (i.e., sudden cardiac death) s/s in YOUNG PEOPLE!!
relieve the symptoms of anginaw/ rest and relaxation BEFORE taking nitroglycerin
dilated cardiomyopathy, ie. HFprogresses and med Tx is no longer effective heart transplantation needed
cause of mitral valve regurgitation in developing countriesrheumatic heart disease and its sequelae.
pericardial friction rub isdiagnostic of pericarditis