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Ch. 16 endocrine system

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anamariefalke's version from 2016-05-05 06:36

Section 1

Question Answer
aden/ogland
adren/o, adrenal/oadrenal glands
cortic/ocortex
endocrin/oendocrine
parathyroidparathyroid glands
pituitar/opituitary gland
thyroid/o, thyr/othyroid gland
acr/oextremities, height
calc/icalcium
dips/othirst
kal/ipotassium
natr/osodium
-dromerun, running
acromegalyenlargement of extermities
hyperlgycemiaexcessive sugar in the blood
syndrome run together
glycemiasugar in the blood
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
exophthalmosprotrusion of the eyeball
hormonechemical substance secreted
isthmustissue connecting larger parts in the body
metabolismall the chemical processes that take place in a living organism
acidosisabnormal accumulation of acid products of metabolism
addison diseaseadrenal glands dont produce enough hormones
cogenital hypothyroidismwasting away of the thyroid gland
cushing syndromeexcessive cortisol production resulting in "moon face", "buffalo hump"
diabetes insipidushormone abnormality that causes extreme thirst (polydipsia) and large amounts of urine (polyuria)
diabetes mellituswhen too much sugar is in the blood
Type 1 diabetes mellituspancreas cant produce insulin
Type 2 diabetes mellitusbody resist insulin
gigantismhypersecretion of the growth hormone
goiter enlargement of the thyroid gland
graves diseasehyperthyroidism, thyroid overproduces hormones
ketosisraised levels of ketone bodies
metabolic syndrome group of symptoms that increase stroke, diabetes, heart disease
myxedemasevere form of hypothyroidism
pheochromocytomahormone secreting tumor
tetanylow amounts of calcium in the blood causing muscle spasms
thyrotoxicosishyperthyroidism
memorize