Ch.16 Abnormal Psych

octopirecipes's version from 2015-12-10 01:24


Question Answer
mental illness cares must balanceparitnes rights, individual safety, society's right to safety and security.
civil commitmentlaws detailing when a person can be legally declared to have a mental illness and placed in a hospital for treatment.
criteria for civil commitmentperson has mental illness, needs treatment, is a danger to self or others, gravely disabled, inability to care for self.
civil commitment oversight authoritygovermental authority > civil commitment police power, order of protective custody
parent patriestate acts a surrogate parent (person who received care to prevent danger.)person with
civil comitment processperson fails to seek help > others feel help is needs > petition is made to judge for the person > individual is notified of the commitment process. > accuded of commiting a cream, detainment in mental health facility, evalutation determines fitness to stand tried, can be found gilty or non guilty.
what determined if someone should be committed ?a judge in mental healt courts, informed by expert opinions


Question Answer
mental illness as a legal conceptdefined as severe emotional or thoughs disturbance that impact health/safety (cognitive disabilities, substance related disorders.)
mentail illness as a legal concept is not a psychogogical diagnosisflexibility but vulnerable to bias.
violence and mental illnessmiscopceptions- mental illnesses are much more dangerous when bought onto by media protrayals. minorities more likely to be seen an dangerous.
mental illness realitieshaving mental illness moderately increased risk of dangerous behavior
predicting violenceAssements tools asses low risk but not good at long term predictions, drug/alcohol dependence = high risk of violence. best predictor = history of violent behavior.


Question Answer
civil committement changessupreme court placed restrictions on involuntary commitmenet, Insufficient grouns for commitment include ( need for tratment alone, gravely disabled.)
consequences of supreme court rulingscriminalizations of the mentally ill
deinsitutionalizationmovement of people with mental illnesses out of institutions.
deinsituationalizetion problemsled to huge numbers of ill people becoming homeless.
transintitutionalizationin practice people with mental illness have been moved out of large mental hopitals and into other institutions, prisons and home


Question Answer
the insanity defencea legal statement, not guilty because of insanity, sent to treatment facility intead of prison, diagnosic of disorder is not the same a insanity, frequently portrayed in the media but actually ver rare.
M-Naghten ruleinsanity defence originated here, inability to distinguish right from wrong.
Durham rulemore inclusive definition, crime was a product of mental illness.
Americal law standardknowledge of right vs. wrong, self control, diminished capacity.
consequences of insanity defenceseen as a legal loophole by the public, 75% tried to abolish/change insanity defence, used in less than 1% of criminal cases.
guilty but mentally illallowed for punishment + treatment.


Question Answer
requirements for compentenceunderstand legal chargers, ability to assist's in one's own defence, essential for trial/legal preocesses, burden of proof is on the defence.
consequences of determination of incompetenceloss of decission making authority, results in commitment but with limitations, re-evaluated after treatment.
psychologist' roles as expert witnessesperson with knowledge/expertise, assists in competeny registration, makes DSM diagnosis, advises court, asses melingering (fakes)
patients rightright to voluntary treatment, right to refuse treatment (cases invoving drug/medical treatment) ( persons cannot be forced to become competent for trial (ex. by taking meds)) right to the least restrictive alternative. (treatment withing the least confining and limitting setting.)
participants rightsright to be informed about research (informed concent), right to privacy, right to be treated w/respect and dignity, right to be protected from physical and mental harm. right to choose or refuse to participate in research. right to anonymity, right to safeguarding records.