Ch. 15 nervous and behavioral health

anamariefalke's version from 2016-05-05 05:44

Section 1

Question Answer
cerebr/ocerebrum, brain
dur/ohard, dura mater
gangli/o, ganglion/oganglion
mening/o, meningi/omeninges
myel/ospinal cord, bone marrow
radic/o, radicul/o, rhiz/onerve root
esthesi/osensation, sensitivity, feeling
ment/o, psych/omind
mon/oone, single
poli/ogray matter
-ictalseizure, attack
-paresisslight paralysis

Section 2

Question Answer
Alzheimer diseaseeearly dementia, confusion, memory loss
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig Disease)nervous system disease that weakens muscles
bell palsyone side of face gets paralyzed
cerebral aneurysmaneurysm in brain
aneurysmballooning of the artery
cerebral emolismblood clot in brain
cerebral palsylack of muscle control and partial paralysis
dementiadecline in mental ability that interferes with everyday life
epilepsyseizures caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain
hydrocephalusbuild up of fluid in the brain
intracerebral hemorrhage (hemorrhage stroke)ruptured blood vessel causing bleeding in the brain
multiple sclerosisimmune system eats away at the protective covering of the nerves
parkinson diseasecentral nervous system disease that affects movement
sciaticainflammation of the sciatic nerve running through out the leg from lower back
cephalitisinflammation of the brain
shinglesblisters on the skin from a reactivation of the chicken pox
stroke (brain attack)interruption of blood supply to the brain which causes damage
ischemic strokeblockage
hemorrhagic stroke blood vessel leaks suddenly
hemiparesisslight paralysis of half
hemiplegiaparalysis of half
cephalgiapain in the head (headache)
panplegiatotal paralysis
afferenttoward a center
ataxialack of muscle coordination
cognitive pertaining to mental processes
comadeep unconsciousness
concussioninjury of the brain due to head trauma or injury
conscioustotally aware of your surroundings
convulsionsinvoluntary contractions of the muscles
disorientationmental confusion
dysarthriainability to use speech normally
efferentaway from the center
gaitstyle of walking
incoherentunable to express ones thoughts clearly
paraplegiaparalysis from the waist down
seizurenerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed
shunttube to help regulate flow of fluid
syncope (fainting)loss of consciousness
unconsciousnessunaware of surroundings
anorexia nervosaeating disorder where you starve yourself, have a fear of gaining weight
anxiety disorderincreased worry or fear that interferes with daily activities
attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)difficulty paying attention, cant sit still, impulsivness
autismdevelopment disorder that limits the ability to interact and socialize
bipolar disordermood swings from manic highs to depressive lows
bulimia nervosabinge eat and then purge (vomit)
major depressionextreme sadness and loss of interest
obsessive-compulsive disordercompulsions that interfere with daily tasks
panick attack sudden attack of anxiety and fear
phobiapersistent fear
picaappetite for non nutritional substances
posttraumatic stress disorder response to a traumatic experience
schizophreniadisorder where people interpret the reality differently
somatoform disorderssymptoms where no known physical cause exists