Cell Unit Vocabulary

melaniefox's version from 2016-08-14 21:12

Section 1

Question Answer
Eukaryotic CellA cell with a nucleus
Prokaryotic CellA cell that doesn't have a nucleus
Cell membranegives form to the cell and passage of materials in and our of the cell
CytoplasmFluid, jelly like substance in which organelles are suspended and where chemical reactions can occur
smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)Smooth ER metabolizes nonpolar compounds and stores calcium ion in muscle
rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER)assists in protein synthesis
RibosomesSynthesize protiens
Golgi ApparatusSynthesizes carbohydrates and packages molecules for secretion
MitochondriaReleases energy from food

Section 2

Question Answer
LysosomesDigest foreign molecules and damaged organelles
Nuclear membraneSupports nucleus and controls passage of materials between cytoplasm and nucleus
NucleolusProduces ribosomal RNA for ribosomes
ChromatinContains genetic code that determines which proteins (including enzymes) will be manufactured by the cell.
Cilia and Flagellamove particles along cell surface or move the cell