Cell test

tasnimjaisee's version from 2015-11-17 04:21


Question Answer
ribosomesmakes proteins
mitochondriastores energy
golgi apparatuspackages and sorts protein
lysosomesbreak down large molecules
nucleuscontrol center → stores dna
nucleolusmakes ribosomes
E.RNetwork of membranes
cytoskeletonfilament & tubules → shapes cell & move things around
vacuolestores food & waste
vesicletransports substances
centrioleshelp formation of spindle fibres
cell wallprotection and support for plants
chloroplastphotosynthesis takes place
cell membranesemi permeable
chromatincombination of all dna
chromatidcopy of a newly copied chromosome
thylakoidlight dependent reaction occurs during photosynthesis
hypertonic solutionsolution has more solute than cell
isotonic solutionconcentration of solute are equal inside and out
hypotonic solutionsolution has less solute than cell
phospholipidsprovide structure and protection to cells in the membrane
diffusionarea of high concentration to an area of low concentration
osmosiswater molecules across a membrane from an area of high water concentration to an area of lower concentration.
active transportmovement into a high concentration
endocytosisbrings item into cells
exocytosispushes items out of the cells
phagocytosiscell takes up solid particles
pinocytosiscell takes up liquid

section 2

Question Answer
cell plateformation of cell wall --> organization of chromosomes during mitosis
cleavage furrowdepressions in animal cells that form as the cell begins its division
mitosispart of the cell cycle in which chromosomes in a cell nucleus are separated into two identical sets of chromosomes + each in its own nucleus
ProphasePREPARING → mitotic spindles are forming and the nucleus begins to break down.
Metaphasechromosomes MEET at the center → the chromosomes will line up single-file
AnaphaseAPART → chromosomes are pulled apart by the mitotic spindles
TelophaseTEAR → This is when the cleavage furrow begins to separate the two newly formed cells.
Cytokinesis→ new CELLS

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