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Cell function and structure

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kno01's version from 2017-11-29 01:32

Section 1

Question Answer
ProkaryotAny cellular organism that has no nuclear membrane, no organelles in the cytoplasm except ribosomes and has it´s genetic material in the form of a single continuous strands
Eukaryot Organisms that have cells and that cells have have a nucleus and other organelles delimitated by a membrane
Prokaryotic cells only form colonies because...Lack of a nucleus that is the one that carries the DNA, which the tissues organs and systems have
Plant cellCell wall, chloroplast, amyloplast
Animal cellLysosome
Both (animal and plant cell)Cell membrane, vacuole, nucleus, nucleolus, nuclear membrane, mitochondrion, centrosome, cytoplasm, rough ER, smooth ER, ribosomes, golgi body
Present in eukaryot cell, not prokaryot Golgi apparatus, centriole, peroxisome
Present in prokaryot cell, not eukaryotNucleoid
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Section 2

Question Answer
Nuclear membraneControls what goes in and out of the cell, it is made of lipids. Present in plant and animal cells
ChloroplastTakes carbons and produces carbohydrates, made of proteins, lipids, chlorophyll, water and carotenoids. Present in animal cells
VacuoleThey store water and nutrients, made of water and aminoacids. Present in plant cells
Lysosome Contains enzymes in order to break down foreign substances that enter the cell, made of proteases, lipases, and nucleases. Present in animal cells
CytoplasmHelps things to be transported inside the cell. All organelles float in. Made of 80% water. Present in animal and plant cells
Cytoskeleton They provide with strength to the cell. Also used as a highway. Tubules and filaments. Eukaryotic cell.
Endoplasmic reticulumTransport substances and DNA to the ribosome in order to build proteins. Proteins. Plant and animal cell.
Flagellum Helps the cell move. Protein flagellin. Mostly prokaryotic but also eukaryotic cells.
PlasmidIn some bacteria they have the ability to mutate to help the cell adapt faster. DNA. Prokaryotic cells.
CapsuleExtra protection and strength for hard environments. Identify a cell. polypeptide and polysaccharides. Prokaryotic cells.
CentrioleParticipate in the cell reproduction. Help the chromosomes divide. Filaments (proteins) Animal cells but also in lower plants.
MitochondriaProduces the cell energy. (cell respiration) Phospholipids and proteins. Eukaryotic cells.
NucleusContains genetic information of the cell. Also contains RNA that helps transfer genetic information to the ribosomes to make proteins. Lamin proteins. Eukaryotic cells.
Cell membraneControls what goes in and out of a cell. Phospholipids. Animal and plant cell.
NucleoidContains a bunch of DNA that the cell needs to work. DNA, RNA, proteins. Prokaryotic cells.
RibosomeThey build proteins. Ribonucleic acid Animal and plant cell.
PiliHelp the cell to attach. Also help to transfer information between prokaryotic cells. Oligomeric Proteins Prokaryotic cells.
Cell wallProvides extra support to cells that need to hold weight. Controls what goes in and out of the cell. In prokaryotic cells helps them to protect from other cells. Cellulose. Plant and prokaryotic cells.
Golgi apparatusPacks substances and “tags” them for the distribution within the cell or out from it. Cisternae. Animal and plant cell.
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