Originally used to describe viral pneumonia (compared to the "typical" bacterial pneumonia), atypical pneumonia is currently used to indicated lower respiratory tract infections due to what 3 zoonotically transmitted organisms and what 3 non-zoonotically transmitted bacteria?
The 3 non-zoonotically bacteria are responsible for 20-30% of all cases of what disease in the US?
community-acquired pneumonia (CAP)
Although these organisms may cause HCAP (healthcare associated penumonia), they are more likely to cause CAP particularly in the ______ (hospital vs ambulatory) setting?
*** What manifestations are commonly seen in atypical pneumonia, but clinically these manifestations may NOT be helpful in distinguishing them from typical pneumonia?
Older definitions of atypical pneumoniases suggested a disease with milder symptoms and ____ sputum, however, the ____ range of entities in the current classification of atypical pneumnonia include diseases with POTENTIAL for severe disease and significant complications?
1) scant 2) broad
Although the CXR may support the diagnosis of atypical pneumonia, does it reliably differentiate between bacterial and atypical etiologies?
Why are beta-lactams LESS effective against atypical pneumonia organisms? What medications works better for atypical pneumnia organisms?
1) because atypical pathogens do NOT have a cell wall but are intracellular (Legionella) or paracellular (Mycoplasma) 2)antibiotics that interfere with intracellular protein synthesis enzymes such as macrolides, TCN, fluoroquinolones tend to be more effective
What type of bacteria is it?
Famous breakout in 1976?
at the American Legion in Philadelphia
Latest breakout in the US in 2015?
in New York City
What milder-flu like disease can be caused by this organism?
List the extrapulmonary manifestations of Legionella infection?