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CC May 2017 Bullying

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echoecho's version from 2017-05-14 15:33

Section

Question Answer
Define bullying?Repeated use of power and aggression with HOSTILE intent to cause distress or control another person
What does traditional bullying entail?1) threats 2)physical harm 3)name-calling 4)teasing 5)taking of personal belongings
What % of school-aged children are bullied?20%
True or false? Surveys have thrown that the % of school-aged children who report being bullied is similar among many countries?true
What age range does the prevalence of bullying appear to peak, although it may persist through adolescence and into adulthood?7-11 years
Does the frequency of bullying decline with age?yes
What gender is more likely to be BOTH victims and perpetrators of direct bullying (physical and verbal bullying with an overt expression of power)?boys
List the two types of bullying that are more common with girls?1) indirect bullying 2)online bullying
Define indirect bullying?covert manipulation of social relationships to hurt or exclude
A child can be BOTH a victim and a perpetrator (bully-victim) and such indivuals have a higher risk of what?psychopathology
List the risk and protective factors for bullying as it pertains to an individual?1) risk factors = poor self-concept, physical disability, poor social skills, early aggressiveness 2)protective factors = high self-esteem, high social skills level
List the risk and protective factors for bullying as it pertains to the family?1) risk factors = authoritarian discipline, lack of parental supervision, incidents of domestic violence 2)protective factors = quality communication, parental involvement in school life
List the risk and protective factors for bullying as it pertains to the school?1) risk factors = overcrowding, conflictual school climate, violent-tolerant peers 2) protective factors = orientation toward learning, positive peer role models
List the risk and protective factors for bullying as it pertains to the neighborhood?1) risk factors = safety concerns 2)protective factors = promotion of sports and recreational facilities
List the characteristics of a typical bully?1) often aggressive towards peers, siblings, parents and teachers 2) often dislikes and has not adjusted to school 3)has poor impulse control 4)wishes to dominate 5)physically strong 6)craves social prestige 7)insensitive to the feelings of others 8) at increased risk for conduct and substance use disorders 9) increased incidence of ADHD
List the characteristics of victims?1) more insecure than most children 2) react passively to confrontations 3) physically smaller, weaker, cautious, sensitive and quiet
*** Bullying perpetrators AND victims may present to the provider with what frequent complaints? These cluster of complaints are similar to children who are subjects of ______ relationships? These children have a higher incident of what 2 conditions?1) headache, abdominal pain, sleep problems, enuresis, school phobia, anxiety, depression. 2) abusive 3) suicidal ideations and complete suicide
If parents suspect that their child is having difficulty with other children at school, it is adviasable to ask what specific questions vs. asking open-ended questions?1)do you know of children who are being teased at school? 2)have you ever been teased at school? 3) what kinds of things do children tease you about? 4) have you told the teacher? 5) do you eat lunch with other children or by yourself 6) at recess, do you play alone or with other children?
True or false? Treatment interventions must be multidisciplinary?true
A 2006 Cochran review found that _____-based secondary prevention programs to reduce aggressive behavior produces improvements?school
What should counseling of victims be aimed at?1) improving self-esteem 2) encouraging them to pursue areas of interest in which they are likely to excel
What type of clubs can increase self-confidence and prove public speaking and appearance to other children, thus increasing the likelihood of acceptance and less bullying?1) drama clubs 2) debate clubs
What programs promote greater physical strength and increased social acceptance, as well as providing an outlet for anger and frustration?sports programs
Forming friendships OUTSIDE school through what groups?1) church groups. 2) extracurricular activities
Statistical analysis suggests that having MORE friends is a factor that lessens the risk of ________?victimization
Bullies with larger group of friends seem to be MORE _______ in their bullying activities?aggressive
Is there correlation with bullies with larger group of friends and cyber bullying?no
All children should receive counseling about how to deal with bullies, what is one way?1)"walk, talk and squawk" means walk (not run) from the bully, talk (look him or her in the eye), and squawk to a teacher
Schools should adopt a ____ tolerance policy for bullying?zero
List one federal resource website that includes role-playing workshops?http://www.stopbullying.gov
Cyber bullying has become more prevalent than traditional bullying over the past decade, are the victim profiles similar?yes
What % of pretends and teens report online bullying over the past year?40-50%
List one proposed legislative effort that would make cyber bullying a crime, however the law never made it to the floor for a vote?H.R.1966: Megan Meier Cyberbullying Prevention Act (111th congress)
Most states have laws addressing harassment by _____ means, but many do not address cyberbullying directly?electronic
Cyberbullying may include unwanted forwarding of sex-related photos called _____?sexting
Where to draw the line between bullying and "normal" behavior can be _____ to teens?confusing
What % of teens report sending photos of themselves to a dating partner, while what % of teens report sending sexy picture of other people to their dating partner to advance their relationship?20%; 70%
With such high prevalence of sexting, it is easy to see what private photos sent to undesired recipients may result in what?shame, public embarrassment and occasionally, suicide
What are the long-term consequences of bullying?depression, anxiety, alcohol or drug abuse in adulthood
Parental concerns and newly developed __________ illness should raise concern?psychosomatic
Special attention should be paid to children in ______ groups or who have other risk factors for being bullies?marginalized
*** SUMMARY = Bullying effects about ___% of school-aged children?20
*** SUMMARY = Children often present with somatic symptoms similar to those who are subjects of what types of relationships?abusive
*** SUMMARY = Cyberbullying has become more prevalent than traditional bullying with _________ to _________% of preteens and teens reporting online bullying over the past year?40-50%
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