Create
Learn
Share

CC July 2016 SUMMARY

rename
echoecho's version from 2016-09-16 03:01

Section

Question Answer
1) METFORMIN AND RENAL DISEASE =
In 2016, the FDA revised its warning regarding the use of Metformin and allowed for what?more liberal use in patients with renal disease
What test should be obtained before Metformin is initiated adn annually thereafter?a GFR
For patients with a GFR between ___ and ____ mL/minute/1.73 m2, Metformin should be discontinued before imaging procedures using iodinated contrast. GFR should be checked ____ hours afterward and the metformin restarted if renal function is stable?30; 60; 48
2) OTITIS MEDIA WITH EFFUSION (OME) =
OME should be diagnosed by documenting what?the presence of middle ear effusion using pneumotic otoscopy
If OME is suspected, but the diagnosis remains uncertain after pneumatic otoscopy is performed, what should be performed?tympanometry
Watchful waiting for _____ months is recommended in average-risk children with OME?3
3) MULTITARGET FECAL DNA TEST FOR COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING =
Cologuard detects what?1) fecal occult blood 2) both aberrantly methylated DNA (NDRG4 and BMP3) and DNA muttion (KRAS) associated with precancerous and cancerous colorectal lesions
What is the recommended testing interval?3 years
Does the US Preventive Service Task Force currently recommended multitarget DNA testing as a screening method for colorectal cancer (CRC)?no (although the test is gaining increasing acceptance as an alternative to colonoscopy)
4) BREAST CANCER IN MALES =
Is male breast cancer common in the USA?no
What is one well-established risk factors?BRCA1 and BRCA2
Are diagnostic and treatment strategies similar to female breast cancer?yes
memorize