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CC Jan 2016 Stuttering

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echoecho's version from 2016-03-20 18:14

Section

Question Answer
Define?an involuntary disruption in the normal flow of speech that can diminish effective communication
Manifestations?1) repeating words or syllables (e.g. I can can can can) 2) prolongation of a word (e.g. caaaaaaan) 3) stoppages or blocks where not sound is emitted
What is the lifetime incidence of stuttering in the general population?4-5%
List the risk factors for stuttering before the age of 4?1) twin birth 2) male gender 3) higher maternal education level
List one fallacy about early onset stuttering?that it affects individuals who receive less cognitive stimulation
Since stuttering only occurs in those who talk,higher maternal education may be associated with what?an earlier age of talking
Although stuttering may not be recognized until preschool age, onset between ___ and ___ years of age is not uncommon?2-4
Individuals who develop stuttering between ages 2-4 years tend to have stronger _________ skills after age 4 years? This includes what 2 skills when compared to similar-aged peers?1) stronger 2) language skills and nonverbal communication skills
*** Stuttering in this age group si also NOT associated with what?increased incidence of psychological or emotional stress
What type of anxiety appears to be more common in individuals who persist in stuttering into the adolescent and adult years?social
Is a best approach for treatment of stuttering at an early age completely clear?no
What therapy is most effective in the preschool years rather than younger aged children?speech
Why is watchful waiting a viable option in 2-4 year olds?because stuttering onset between 2-4 years of age is associated with stronger communication skills later in life
If speech therapy is elected, what is necessary?a home program with significant parental involvement
What should parents be counseled on?regarding the likely long-term positive outcomes for children who stutter
True or false? Any therapy should be nonpunitive?true
What two measures are available for assessing stuttering and measuring improvement (either naturally or with therapy) and can provide feedback to the parents and therapist regarding speech improvement?1) Lidcombe 10 point stuttering severity scale 2) Percent syllable stuttered (%55)
*** SUMMARY = List the 3 risk factors for stuttering before the age of 4 years old?1) twin birth 2) male gender 3) higher maternal education level
*** SUMMARY = Individuals who develop stuttering between ages 2-4 years tend to have stronger ______ skills after age 4 years. This includes both _____ skills and _____ skills when compared to similar-aged peers?1) communication 2) language 3) nonverbal communication
*** SUMMARY = Because stuttering onset between 2-4 years of age is associated with stronger communication skills later in life, what is a viable treatment option?watchful waiting
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