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CC Jan 2016 Smoking cessation benefits

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echoecho's version from 2016-03-20 16:13

Section

Question Answer
Tobacco abuse is the most common, modifiable cause of death in the US, accounting for over _______ deaths annually?200,000
While the rate of smoking in the US has decreased since 1960s, the CDC estimates that about _____% of the adult population currently smokes?1
*** The USPSTF recommends that clinicians do what when it comes to tobacco use?1) ask about tobacco use 2) "provide tobacco cessation interventions for those who use tobacco products"
The USPSTF endorses the "5 A's" model, list these?1) Ask about tobacco use 2) Advise to quit through clear, personalized messages 3) Assess the willingness to quit 4) Assist to quit 5) Arrange follow-up and support
In the course of counseling, patients may ask about the potential health benefits associated with tobacco cessation, in 2013 researchers examined data from a cohort of more than 200,000 US adults int he US National Health Interview Survey that were lined to the National Death index to calculate the mortality risks associated with smoking and the benefits of tobacco cessation, what were the findings?1) individuals between 25-59 years of age showed the rate of death from any cause was 3 times higher in CURRENT smokers compared to those who had never smoked (this excess mortality was due to a higher incidence of smoking-related diseases like neoplasms, vascular disease and respiratory disease.
Regarding the above 2013 research study, what was the overall life expectancy in CURRENT smokers compared to individuals who had never smoked?decreased by 10 years
Regarding the above 2013 research study, what was the years gained of life in those individuals who STOPPED smoking between ages 25-34 years of age?10 years gained of life
Regarding the above 2013 research study, what was the years gained of life in those individuals who STOPPED smoking between ages 35-44 years of age?9 years gained of life
Regarding the above 2013 research study, what was the years gained of life in those individuals who STOPPED smoking between ages 45-54 years of age?6 years gained of life
Why are these above differences more marked than the estimates from the 1980's?because of the improvements in cardiovascular and overall mortality seen during thise time frame, which allowed for a more accurate depiction of the effects of smoking
List the benefits of smoking cessation in regards to carbon monoxide levels?carbon monoxide levels drop within 12 hours
List the benefits of smoking cessation in regards to circulation and lung functions?occur within months
List the benefits of smoking cessation in regards to risk of coronary heart disease and when risk is equal to a nonsmoker?1) risk of CHD is cut by 50% at one year 2) risk is equal to a nonsmoker 15 years
List the benefits of smoking cessation in regards to when stroke risk is equal to a nonsmoker?falls to that of a nonsmoker in 2-5 years
List the benefits of smoking cessation in regards to lung cancer risk in comparison to a nonsmoker?lung cancer risk is 1/2 that of a smoker at 10 years
List the benefits of smoking cessation in regards to risk of esophagus, mouth, throat and bladder cancer at 5 years?is cut by 50% and the risk of cervical cancer is equal to a non-smoker
Reduction in smoking is beneficial when it leads to cessation, give the data?1) there is little data to suggest that reduction in smoking produces the same benefits as cessation 2) on cohort study found benefit in heavy smokers; other studies did not find benefit
*** SUMMARY = All cause mortality of smokers 25-79 years of age is ____ times that of nonsmokers?3
*** SUMMARY = Smoking cessation increases _____ ______; greater benefit with earlier cessation?life expectancy
*** SUMMARY = Risk of coronary heart disease is reduced by _____% one year after smoking cessation?50
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