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CC Alcohol and Energy Drinks

rename
echoecho's version from 2017-12-10 17:04

Section

Question Answer
What is AmED?Alcohol mixed with energy drinks
What is in energy drinks?Caffeine
What have studies shown among individuals who regularly combine alcohol and energy drinks?1) increased rates of binge drinking 2) impaire driving 3) risky sexual behavior 4) alcohol dependence
What group are targeted by marketing for caffeine-containing energy drinks? Is the use of AmED highest in these groups?1) adolescents and young adults 2) yes
Similar rates of consumption are noted in what countries?US, Brazil, Canada and other countries
What has the literature on this topic suggest about mixing alcohol and energy drinks?1) decreases subjective feeling of intoxication BUT 21) does not improve objective measures such as reaction time and motor control
Until what year were premixed alcohol and energy drinks commercially available in the US?2010
The rise in popularity with use of AmED concided with the rise of what in the ER?Increasing number of young adults under the legal drinking age reporting to ER with extreme intoxication
Because of the reporting of the above to the FDA, what did the FDA conclude?The FDA determined that caffeine should be considered an unsafe food additive when combined with alcohol
This led to removal of caffeine and other stimulants from commercially available alcoholic beverages in what year? What replaced these commercially available alcohol and caffeine products?2010; self-made cocktails
True of false? The authors of the above study concluded that hazardous alcohol drinking habits are such a substantial risk factor of injury or harm that the additional impact of energy drinks could not be determined?True
In 12017, a systematic review to date regarding the risk of injury among individuals who consume AmED was done, what were the conclusions?The results showed a statistically significant association between AmED use and increased risk of injury, even when controlling for factors such as binge drinking and concomitant use of illicit substancdes
What were the types of injury noted in these studies?1) occurrence of injury requiring medical care 2) motor vehicle accident 3) TBI 4) work-related injury or disease 5) suicide or other self-harm 6)sexual victimization
Concomitant use of prescription drugs, illicit substances and other forms of caffeine such as soda was controlled for in this review and an associated with ______ risk of injury was still noted?Increased
Comment on the data from 2007-2011 in the US National Poison Data system regarding to age as well as the incidence of moderate to major adverse toxicity?1) most people who combine alcohol and energy drinks are younger than the legal drinking age (68.2% < 21 years of age) 21) incidence of moderate to major adverse toxicity is much higher for AmED users than in those who consume energy drinks alone (39.3% vs. 15.2%)
The CDC reports that in 2015, what % of students in grades 8, 10, 12 admitted to mixing alcohol and energy drinks at least once within the past year?13%
For young adults (19-28 y.o.) who were far more likely to report mixing alcohol with energy drinks, what % admitted to this practice at some point within the past year?30%
List the reasons that adolescents who consume AmED report doing this?1) hide the flavor of alcohol 2) enjoying the taste 3) need to stay awake 4) the desire to drink more and not appear intoxicated 5) to avoid a hangover
Knowing the motivations of young people who consume AmED is essential for what strategies?counseling and preventive purposes
*** SUMMARY = What age group abuse AmED?adolescents and young adults
*** SUMMARY = What are the common reasons for their consumption?1) mask taste of alcohol 2) to avoid appearing intoxicated
*** SUMMARY = True or false? Recognition and counseling are essential in the management of this problem?true
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