Cardio CCHS

jukuyole's version from 2017-01-26 03:15

Section 1

Question Answer
Interatrial septum: Intraventricular septumDivides the heart longitudinally
What does lipids panel measureA test that measures lipids- fat and fatty substances used as a source of energy by your body. Lipids include cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
Myocardial infarctionMI, aka: Heart attack. A blockage of blood flow to the heart
PericarditisInflammation of the pericardium that results in the decrease in the serous fluid
PericardiumDouble walled sac that the heart sits in and contains serous fluid between the layers to prevent friction
blood PlasmaThe pale yellow liquid component of blood that normally holds the blood cell in whole blood in suspension; this makes plasma the extracellular matrix of blood cells. It makes up about 55% of the body's total blood fluid.

Section 2

Question Answer
Function of the septum of the heartThis is an important function since the right side of the heart carries oxygen-poor blood from the extremities to the heart and the left side of the heart oxygenates the blood and possess it through the veins. Without the septum, the blood cannot be oxygenated correctly.
StrokeA disease that affects the arteries leading to and within the brain
VentriclesBottom chambers that sends out blood
What is a heartThe main organ of the circulatory system, causes blood flow.
How many chambers does the heart have4

Section 3

Question Answer
What is the AtriumTwo upper receiving chambers, blood comes into the heart. Left atrium-oxygenated blood. Right Atrium-deoxygenated blood
ArotaThe largest artery in the body that sends out oygenated blood to the body.
ArteriosclerosisThe build up of fats, cholesterol and other substances in and on the artery walls.
ApexThe pointed end of the heart that rests on the diaphragm. (It's directed towards the left hip)
Cardiomyopathya disease of the heart muscle. These diseases may have many causes, signs, symptoms and treatments.

Section 4

Question Answer
Cardiac stress testA cardiological test that measures a hearts ability to respond to external stress on a controlled clinical environment. The EKG records the hearts electrical activity. A BP cuff is used to record BP as patient walks on treadmill.
Cardiac CatheterizationA procedure used to diagnose and treat cardiovascular conditions. A long thin tube called a catheter is inserted into an artery or vein in your groin, neck or arm and threaded through your blood vessels to your heart.
What is the function of the cardiovascular systemTransportation
EchocardiogramA test of the action of the heart using ultrasound waves to produce a visual display, used for diagnosis or monitoring of heart disease
ECG or EKGElectrocardiogram is a test that checks for problems with the electrical activity of your heart. The EKG shows the hearts activity as line tracings on paper. The spikes and dips are called waves

Section 5

Question Answer
FibrillationAn irregular, often rapid heart rate that commonly causes poor blood flow
How much does the heart weigh and what is its sizeLess then a pound and the size of a fist
Heart attackMyocardial infarction. A blockage of blood flow to the heart muscle
Heart murmurSound of blood flowing through the heart, due to anything from healthy heart exertion during excerise to a diseased heart valve or abnormality.
High Blood pressureAka hypertension, a condition in which the force of the blood against the artery wall is to high.