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Cardiac

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chandlerrice's version from 2016-12-19 18:35

Normal Values

Question Answer
Heart Rate60-100 b/min
Blood Pressure120/80 mm Hg
Respiratory Rate12-18 br/min
Tidal Volume500 mL
HematocritF: 40-58 mm M: 42-50 mm
>100bpmTachycardia
<60bpmBradycardia
Orthostatic HypotensionSudden drop in BP that accompanies change in position. (lightheaded, dizziness, loss of balance)
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Ion Concentration Changes

Question Answer
Hyperkalemia (increased potassium)Tachycardia (leading to bradycardia )Potential cardiac arrest
Hypokalemia (decreased potassium)Hypotension, arrhythmias may progress to ventricular fibrillation
Hypercalcemia (increased calcium)Hypertension, signs of heart block, cardiac arrest
Hypocalcemia (decreased calcium)Arrhythmias and hypotension
Hypernatremia (increased sodium)Hypertension, tachycardia, pitting edema, excessive weight gain
Hyponatremia (decreased sodium)Hypotension and tachycardia
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Borgs Perceived Exertion Scale

Question Answer
6No exertion at all
7Extremely light
9Very light (easy walking slowly at a comfortable pace)
11Light
13Somewhat hard (quite an effort; patient feels tired but can continue)
15Hard (heavy)
17Very hard (very strenuous; patient is very fatigued)
19Extremely hard (cannot continue for long at this pace)
20Maximal exertion
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Blood Pressure Classification

Question Answer
Normal<120/<80
Prehypertension(120-139)/(80-89)
Stage I Hypertension(140-159)/(90-99)
Stage II Hypertension>160/>100
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Left or Right Cardiac Failure

Question Answer
NauseaRight
AnorexiaRight
Weight GainRight
AscitesRight
Right Upper Quadrant PainRight
Peripheral EdemaRight
FatigueLeft
CoughLeft
Shortness of BreathLeft
DOE (exercise or activity)Left
Orthopnea (inability to breathe when reclined)Left
PND (sudden inability to breathe during sleep)Left
Diaphoresis (excessive sweating)Left
Tachypnea (rapid breathing)Left
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Section 6

Section 7

Section 8

Section 9

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