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Calcoli renali-glossario

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antonietta's version from 2017-06-09 18:40

Section 1

Question Answer
CortecciaRenal cortex
MidolloRenal medulla
arteria renalRenal artery
Vena renale Renal vein
Pelvi renaleRenal pelvis
Piramide renaleRenal pyramid
UretereUreter
Calice renaleRenal calyx
Acido uricoUric acid
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Section 2

Question Answer
AlbuminaAlbumin
AmmonioAmmonium
Ansa di Henle Loop of Henle’s ( also known as Henle’s loop or nephron’s loop)
AntibioticoAntibiotics or antibacterials
Apparato urinarioUrinary system or renal system
Arteria renaleRenal artery
Asportazione chirurgica Surgical removal or excision
Azotemia Azotaemia (also known as uremia)
Bacinetto renale (o pelvi renale)Renal pelvis or pelvis of the kidney
Calcoli ureteraliUreteric stones
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Section 3

Question Answer
Calcolo a stampo coralliformeStaghorn calculi or coral calculi
Calcolo renale Kidney stones
Calice renale Renal calyces
Carenza vitaminicaVitamin deficiency
CatabolismoCatabolism
Cistoscopio Cystoscope
Colecisti (anche cistifellea o vescichetta biliare)Cholecyst or gallbladder
Colica renale Renal colic
Composti organici Organic compound
Dialisi Dialysis
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Section 4

Question Answer
Dieta alcalina o acido-base Alkaline diet (also known as alkaline acid diet)
Disidratazione Dehydration
Dolori da colica Renal colic pain
Drenaggio Drainage
Drenaggio del rene Kidney drainage
Ecografia Medical ultrasound, diagnostic sonography or ultrasonography
Ematuria Hematuria (also spelled haematuria)
Emodialisi Hemodialysis
dializzatorehemodialyzer
Enuresi notturna Nocturnal enuresis or bedwetting
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Section 5

Question Answer
Esame delle urine Urinalysis or Clinical urine tests
Esami ematochimici Hematology (also spelled haematology) tests
Fosforo Phosphorus
Funzionalità renale Renal function
Ghiandola endocrina Endocrine glands
Glicosuria Glycosuria
Glomerulo o glomerulo renaleGlomerulus
Glomerulonefrite cronica Chronic glomerulonephritis
Gotta Gout
Infezione renale Kidney infection
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Section 6

Question Answer
Insufficienza renale Kidney failure or renal failure
Iperplasia prostatica (anche ipertrofia prostatica o adenoma prostatico) Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or benign prostatic hypertrophy
Litotomia Lithotomy
Litotripsia Lithotripsy
Litotritore Lithotripter
Meato uretrale Urethral meatus or external urethral orifice
Membrana semipermeabile Semi-permeable membrane
Minzione Urination or micturition, voiding, uresis
Nausea Nausea
Nefrite Nephritis
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Section 7

Question Answer
Nefrologia Nephrology
Nefrologo Nephrologist
Nefrone Nephron
Onda d’urto Shock wave
Ostruzione Obstruction
Paratiroidi Parathyroid glands
Peritoneo Peritoneum
Ptosi renale Nephroptosis or floating kidney or renal ptosis
PusPus
Radionefrogramma o scintigrafia renale sequenziale Renal Scintigraphy
Rene Kidney
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Section 8

Question Answer
Renella o arenula Urinary gravel
Sale inorganico Inorganic salt
Sostanze di rifiuto Wastes
Stitichezza o stipsi o costipazione Constipation
Sulfamidico Sulfonamide or sulfa drugs
Tubulo renale Renal tubule
Urati Urate
UremiaUremia
Uretere Ureter
Uretra Urethra
Urine torbide Cloudy urine
Urografia Intravenous pyelogram or IPV
Vaso artificiale Artificial vein
Vescica urinaria Urinary bladder
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