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Burn Classifications

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bjtmeyer's version from 2016-09-14 21:00

Section

Question Answer
Superficial BurnInvolves only the outer epidermis. The involved area may be red with slight edema.
Superficial Partial-Thickness BurnInvolves the epidermis and the upper portion of the dermis. The involved area may be extremely painful and exhibit blisters.
Deep Partial-Thickness BurnInvolves complete desctruction of the epidermis and the majority of the dermis. The involved area may appear to be discolored with broken blisters and edema. Damage to the nerve endings may result in only moderate levels of pain. Hypertrophic or keloid scarring may occur.
Full-Thickness BurnComplete destruction of the epidermis and dermis along with partial damage to the subcutaneous fat layer. The involved area typically presents with eschar formation and minimal pain. Patients require grafts and are susceptible to infection.
Subdermal BurnInvolves the complete destruction of the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue. May involve musle and bone.
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