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Buddhist Fundamentals

rename
Updated 2007-03-16 08:55

Fundamental Teachings

The Triple Gem

NameDescription
The BuddhaThe self awakened one. The original nature of the Heart
The DharmaThe Teaching. The nature of reality
The Sanghaa. The Awakened Community. b. Any harmonious assembly. c. All Beings.
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The Four Noble Truths

ItemDescription
1Dukkha - stress, unsatisfactoriness, suffering;
2The causal arising of Dukkha, which is grasping, clinging and wanting;
3Nirvana, the ending of Dukkha. Awakening, Enlightenment. "Mind like fire unbound";
4The Path leading to Nirvana or Awakening.
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The Four Bodhisattva Vows

ItemDescription
1I vow to rescue the boundless living beings from suffering; (Link to 1st Truth)
2I vow to put an end to the infinite afflictions of living beings; (Link to 2nd Truth)
3I vow to learn the measureless Dharma-doors; (Link to 4th Truth)
4I vow to realise the unsurpassed path of the Buddha. (Link to 3th Truth)
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The Eight Fold-Path

ItemDescription
1Right View, Understanding;
2Right Attitude, Thought or Emotion;
3Right Speech;
4Right Action;
5Right livelihood;
6Right Effort, Energy, and Vitality;
7Right Mindfulness or Awareness;
8Right Samadhi "concentration", one-pointedness. Integration of, or establishment in, various levels of consciousness.
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The Five Precepts

ItemDescription
1. I undertake toAbstain from killing living beings;
2. I undertake toAbstain from taking that which not given;
3. I undertake toAbstain from sexual misconduct;
4. I undertake toAbstain from false speech;
5. I undertake toAbstain from distilled substances that confuse the mind. (Alcohol and Drugs)
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The underlying principle is non-exploitation of yourself or others. The precepts are the foundation of all Buddhist training. With a developed ethical base, much of the emotional conflict and stress that we experience is resolved, allowing commitment and more conscious choice. Free choice and intention is important. It is "I undertake" not 'Thou Shalt". Choice, not command.

The Five Precepts in positive terms

ItemDescription
1. I undertake the training precept toAct with Loving-kindness;
2. I undertake the training precept toBe open hearted and generous;
3. I undertake the training precept toPractice stillness, simplicity and contentment;
4. I undertake the training precept toSpeak with truth, clarity and peace;
5. I undertake the training precept toLive with mindfulness.
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The Ten Paramita

ItemDescription
1.Giving or Generosity; *
2.Virtue, Ethics, Morality; *
3.Renunciation, letting go, not grasping;
4.Panna or Prajna "Wisdom" insight into the nature of reality; *
5.Energy, vigour, vitality, diligence; *
6.Patience or forbearance; *
7.Truthfulness;
8.Resolution, determination, intention;
9.Kindness, love, friendliness;
10.Equanimity.
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The Four Sublime or Uplifted States

ItemDescription
MettaFriendliness, Loving-kindness;
KarunaCompassion;
MuditaJoy, Gladness. Appreciation of good qualities in people;
UpekkhaEquanimity, the peaceful unshaken mind.
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The Five Powers or Spiritual Faculties

ItemDescription
1.Faith, Confidence;
2.Energy, Effort;
3.Mindfulness;
4.Samadhi;
5.Wisdom.
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The Five Hindrances

ItemDescription
1.Sense craving;
2.Ill-will;
3.Sloth and Torpor;
4,Restlessness and Worry;
5.Toxic doubt and the ruthless inner critic.
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The Four bases or Frames of Reference of Mindfulness

ItemDescription
1.Mindfulness of the Body — breath, postures, parts;
2.Mindfulness of Feelings, Sensations — pleasant, unpleasant and neutral;
3.Mindfulness of States of Consciousness;
4.Mindfulness of all Phenomena or Objects of Consciousness.
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The Three Signs of Existence or Universal Properties

ItemDescription
AniccaImpermanent;
DukkhaUnsatisfactory, stress inducing;
AnattaInsubstantial or Not-self.
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