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Buddhism Midterm

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blueghost's version from 2017-10-24 15:41

Section

Question Answer
mystic worldview foundational stories taken in some way to be true for people in religion but often not true
doctrinal WVcore set of beliefs//assertions about world
ritual WVreligious rituals/practices based on belief system
experimental WVhow people who believe certain set of rituals feel/experience things bc them
ethical WVhow to behave/how to treat others
institutional WVstructure of religion
material WVphysical places of religion
mountain in Buddhist worldMt. Meru
desire realmworld with desire; body, mind, desires
form realmkind of heaven; have bodies and minds, no desires
formless realmin the sky; only minds with no body or desires
cyclical time4 stages of the world; creation, abiding, destruction, dormancy
rebirth endless birth and death; karma transfers between
karmaeverything you do has karmic effect experienced in future lives
samsara cycle of rebirth
nirvana enlightenment, end to samsara, only attainable to humans
jatakasprevious lives of the Buddha
Prince Vessantrapenultimate life; where he perfected generosity
tushita heavenwhere the next buddha goes and descends from
Lumbinibirth of Buddha
Bodhgayaawakening location
Sarnathfirst sermon/teaching location
Kushinagaradeath location
middle pathneither extremes
wheel of dharmasymbol of 8-fold path
parinirvanafinal nirvana
parinirvana years after awakening 45 yrs
stupaswhat relics are interred in
monastic codenew master after death of Buddha
why Buddha diedkarmic remains catching up or ate something and got really sick
1st Noble truthsuffering (the fact that it is)
five aggregatesform, feelings, perception, volition, consciousness
2nd noble trutharising of suffering (desire)
three poisonsignorance, hatred, desire
three marks of existencesuffering, impermanence, non-self
3rd noble truthcessation of suffering through nirvana (letting go of desires)
4th noble truth8-fold path --> the middle way
three main aspects of 8-fold pathwisdom, morality, meditation
6 kinds of consciousness5 senses and mind
three jewelsbuddha, dharma, sangha
sutraphilosophical sermons of the buddha
vinayacollection of rules for monks and nuns made by the Buddha
abhidharmareflections on the Buddha's teachings
danagiving (by the laypeople) to get good merit
splitting of Sanghaelders, great community
Ashokabuddhist king, 3rd councle of Pataliputra
Theravadaway of the Elders
Buddhaghosathe guy with the voice of the Buddha; wrote of the three trainings of the 8-fold path
two paths of theravadavillage temples and forest retreats
acharn munrevivalist of the forest monks
Mahayanameans the Great Vehicle --> new mahayana sutras
bodhisattvasmahayanan version of arhats
three buddha bodies (mahayana) earthly, transcendent, enjoyment
lotus sutramost famous new sutra, talks about skillful means
parable of the three cartsthree vehicles with mahayana being the best
middle way school (madhaymaka) nagajuna, idea of emptiness
ultimate truthemptiness of self-existence
conventional truthdependent arising
1st sermonsarnath: warning against extremes, 8-fold path; four noble truths
2nd sermonimpermanence, and that impermanence is unsatisfactory and leads to separation from five aggregates
last wordsfor all karmically constituted things are subject to passing away
memorize

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