British Society (1990-2007)

mcleishy's version from 2015-04-17 17:17

Section 1

Question Answer
In 2001 opinion polls found that only 3% of people regarded immigration as a vital issue, what was this figure by 2007?Nearly 30%
Why were people beginning to live longer?Improvements in medical care and living standards
Which cities benefited from generous remuneration projects, wit the building of new museums, art galleries, concert halls, and expensive property developments?Glasgow, Birmingham, Leeds and Gateshead
Which areas of the country attracted the lion-share of economic growth?London and the South-East
In 1997 the average age of Britain was 37. what was this figure by 2007?39
What historic demographic change happened in 2007, and why was this the case?There were more people of retirement age than people under 16, this was partially due to baby boomers reaching the retirement age
In 20 years, by how much did the percentage of the population increase?It doubled
The 'Greying of Britain', led to increased demand for which medical treatments?His replacements, eye surgery, and arthritis relief
Why did NHS hospitals and local authority nursing homes struggle to cope?Rising demand for long-term care and dementia
What were the political implications of an older population?People required pension for longer, meaning a rising cost of state and private pensions, while pundits predicted the retirement age would have to be increased to 70?
What was fuel-poverty defined as?More than 10% of your income was spent in paying for energy costs

Section 2

Question Answer
In 1951, how much of the population lived in rural or semi-rural areas?Almost 50%
In 2000, how much of the population was employed in agricultural?3%
Why did some farmers set-aside land and cut down on food production?To receive EU grants
Why were younger people moving out of the countryside?They could not afford the house prices being swallowed up by commuters and owners of second homes
What had been swallowing up areas of the countryside for a long period of time?Urbanisation
What did the outbreak of BSE in cattle during the 1990's result in?A ban on British beef exports
In 1996, BSE was found to be linked to which human disease?vCJD
When did a massive outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease lead to the mass slaughter of cattle?2001
When did farmers join forces with road hauliers in a fuel blockade?2002
What angered the countryside alliance?A ban on hunting
Despite accusations that he was unsympathetic towards the countryside, what did Blair provide subsidies for?Diversification, rural public transport, and schemes to help provided affordable houses for local people
How did people try to get away from the stranglehold of supermarkets?Farmers markets and organic farmers

Section 3

Question Answer
What opened the way for people from Central and Eastern Europe to move to Britain?Rapid expansion of the European Union
From which countries did many asylum seekers flee from violent upheaval? Somalia, Afghanistan, and Iraq
Why aspect of asylum seeking aroused public controversy? "Bogus" asylum seekers
Which newspaper focused on the problems of immigration, associating them with criminal behaviour, and taking jobs away from local people?The Daily Express
Who established the pressure group "Migration-watch" which focused upon the stress immigration placed on public services? Sir Andrew Green
Why did people argue immigrants benefited Britain economically? They filled labour shortages, brought valuable skills, set-up small business, and many were young so did not place significant strain on public services
How many immigrants from Poland returned home?one-third
In 2007, what did one expert predict that Britain's population would be by 2050?71 Million

Section 4

Question Answer
There were concerns that the BBC was "institutionally racist", and what did Greg Dyke describe his BBC workforce as?"Hideously White"
When was Stephen Lawrence Murdered?1993
How many people were killed in the 7/7 attacks?52
What was particularly alarming about the 7/7 bombers?They were British-Born citizens, with the leader of the group, Mohammed Siddique Khan, a well-respected community worker in West Yorkshire
62% of the population agreed with the statement "multiculturalism makes Britain a better place", what was this figure amongst Muslims?82%
58% of the population agreed with the statement "people who come to Britain should adopt the value and traditions of British culture", what was this figure amongst Muslims?29%

Section 5

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