Britain Facts

rohit11may's version from 2015-05-23 23:19

Life in 1890s and Motives for Reform

Question Answer
How many charities in london by 1905?700 - 800
How many rescued children by 1905?60,000
How many branches of the salvation army by 1878?45
What could a family of five live on according to Rowntree?21s8d
How many soldiers were turned down for the Boer War?2/3
What percentage of people did Charles Booth find lived below the poverty line?31%
How many people did Booth analyse?4000
How much of york lived under poverty according to Rowntree?28%
What percentage of people were poor due to unemployment issues and low wages?85%

Liberal Reforms

Question Answer
How many children were having free meals by 1914?158000
How many meals were provided?14 million
How many children were in London?11 million
How many labour exchanges were there by 1910?83
How many labour exchanges were there by 1913?430
How many people were fixed up with work by 1914?3000
Who did the national insurance act (2) cover?2.25 million workers
How much did workers pay under the national insurance act (2) per week?2.5d
How much did employers pay under the national insurance act (2) per week?2d
How much did the state pay under the national insurance act (2) per week?3d
How much could workers be paid under the national insurance act (2)?7s6d for 15 weeks
Who did the national insurance act part 1 cover?10 million men and 4 million women
What was the sickness benefit under national insurance act (1)?9 shillings
What was maternity benefit under national insurance act (1)?30 shillings
What was the minimmum wage for workers benefiting from the national insurance act (1)?£160 per year
What did single elderly people get per week?5s
What did married elderly people get per week?7s6d
How many received pension?1 million
What was National Insurance Act Part 1?Health Insurance
What was National Insurance Act Part 2?Unemployment Insurance

Position of women 1890s

Question Answer
How many married women were in employment?Less than 10%
Legal Position of women - 1882?By 1882, there were laws passed to allow women to retain their own incomes and property when married.
Legal Position of women 1891?Till 1891, a man could legally imprison his wife in her home.
Legal Position of women 1925?Until 1925, children automatically belonged to their mother’s husbands
Social Position of women Fact?The invention of the telephone and the typewriter led to good jobs in offices with clerical work. The number of women workers increased by 400% from 1861 to 1911.
Political position of women 1894?The introduction of the Local Government Act of 1894 brought the entitlement of women who owned property to vote in local elections, poor law guardians and act on school boards.
Political position of women 1900?By 1900, there were about 1 million women eligible to vote at the council elections.
Political position of women 1907?In 1907, women were given the right to stand as candidates at county council elections.

Activity of Women's Suffrage campaigns

Question Answer
1906Liberals win, Prime Minister Campbell supports votes for women but ministers are divided.
October 1906NUWSS continues petitions and meetings + WSPU protest in House of Commons, sent to jail.
February 1907NUWSS organises procession in London, 3000 march. 'Mud March'
1908Asquith becomes PM. He is against suffrage but looks for support.
June 1908NUWSS and WSPU organise processions + Asquith does nothing and WSPU start smashing windows in downing street. Chain themselves to railings.
1909More WSPU sent to prison, hunger strikes and force feeding begins
1910Asquith agrees to cooperate, protests stop. Produces Conciliation Bill. Black Friday - WSPU protest against stalling of bill. Women are physically and sexually assaulted by police.
1911Government drops the bill, and introduces new bill to give more votes to men. Violence restarts.
1912WSPU begin window smashing. WSPU headquarters raided. Hunger strikes in prison, force feeding.
1913Increase in violence, houses bombed, turf at race courses burned. Cat and Mouse Act - Women hunger strike in prison, released, rearrested when better
June 1913Emily Davison kills herself. NUWSS tries to win over public opinion.
1914WSPU violence escalates. Public firmly against WSPU. Women begin to help in the war effort.

Methods for Winning the Vote

Question Answer
Peaceful MethodsPropaganda, Pressure on Parliament, Meetings and Demonstrations, Civil Disobedience
Violent MethodsAttacking Property, Attacking People, Hunger Strikes, Emily Davison
What was WSPU newspaper?Votes for Women
Evidence of Votes for Women Propaganda?Circulation of 40,000 by 1914
What did the WSPU use for propaganda?Votes for Women, posters, postcards and leaflets, slogan
How many people signed the petition in 1910 in support of the conciliation bill?250,000 people
When was the NUWSS women's pilgrimage?1913
What was the aim of the NUWSS women's pilgrimage?Draw attention to the suffrage cause, and show the public the non-militant wing of women's suffrage
Which census was boycotted?1911
What was the first form of violent protest used by the suffragettes and what did they target?Window smashing - Government buldings, newspapers, gentlemen's clubs, shops
When did arson start?1913, Emily Davison bombed Lloyd George's house
When did hunger strikes start?1909
When was the Representation of the People Act passed given royal assent?6th February 1918
What did the Representation of the People Act entail?Women over age 30 could vote and become MPs, All men over 21 could vote
When did Lloyd George replace Asquith as PM?1916

How were civillians affected by the war?

Question Answer
How many soldiers did Britain have at the beginning of the war?250,000
Which campaign was most successful?Pal's Battalions
How many signed up?500,000 in the first month and by March 1916, 2.5million people in the army
When was conscription introduced and for who?1916 for men between 18 and 41
When and where did Germans start shelling from the sea?In December 914, German battleships shelled north east coast - Scarborough, Whitby and Hartlepool.
How many people died from shelling from the sea?119
How many zeppelin raids did German airships commit to and when? How many died?In January 1915. 57 raids. Killed 560, Injured 1370
How many people died from Gotha bombers and when?May 1917, Killed 835, injured 2000
How many spies were arrested immediately after War broke out?22 German spies
How many anti spy books were sold during the war?40,000
How many cases of spies were not proven?9000
How many naval raids were there?12
Where did the air raids target?South East, where most of the navy was concentrated thus cutting off supplies to the Western Front. Increased fear of invasion.
How many deaths did Zeppelins cause in total?1413
How much financial damage was done?£3.5 million

Britain's Reaction to the War

Question Answer
When was munitions of War Act?July 1915
When was the formation of the Ministry of Munitions?1915
How many factories were there?20,000
How many tonnes of shipment did U-boats sink in 1917?3.7 million
When was the wage for workers fixed?1913

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