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Brain Part Functions

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mroozeboom's version from 2016-10-16 15:05

Section 1

Question Answer
Frontal lobeMotor control, decision making
Parietal lobeSomatosensory
Occipital lobeVision
Temporal lobeHearing, olfaction, forming memory
Corpus callosumHemispheric communication, contralateral control
Spinal cordSensory/motor control through different horns
Broca's areaFormation of speech
Wernicke's areaSpeech comprehension
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Section 2

Question Answer
Basal gangliaInitiation of movement
Limbic nucleiLearning, emotion
ThalamusRelay station
VL thalamusMovement
VPL thalamusSensory
HypothalamusMaintain internal homeostasis
Pituitary glandSecretes hormones for visceral control
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Section 3

Question Answer
ColliculiControl eye movement
Cerebral peduncles and substantia NigraInvolved in movement
Reticular formationModulates posture, maintains alertness and consciousness
CerebellumFine control of movement, dexterity
PonsRespiratory control
Medulla oblongataControl of involuntary functions
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Section 4

Question Answer
Schwann cellsForm myelin
Oligo dendricytesAlso form myelin
AstrocytesForm blood-brain barrier, siphon off waste (neuronal support)
Satellite cellsSupport cell body (neuronal support)
MicrogliaImmune response, ONLY in brain
Eppendymal cellsForm cerebral spinal fluid
MeningesProtect/encase brain
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