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BPK110 CHPT1

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cvdv32mrq's version from 2017-06-20 23:44

Section

Question Answer
essential nutrients Nutrients that the body cannot make itself and, as a result, humans must consume to maintain health.
Organic compoundsSubstances that con- tain carbon bonded to hydrogen in their molecular structure
MalnutritionA condition resulting from an energy or nutrient intake either above or below that which is optimal.
6 Essen NutrientsWater, Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals
NutrigenomicsThe study of how diet affects our genes and how individual genetic variation can affect the impact of nutrients or other food compo- nents on health.
Variety means choosing foods from different food groups—vegetables, grains, fruits, dairy products, and meats and beans.
Balancebalance your diet throughout the day or week provides enough of all the nutrients you need without excesses of any A balanced diet also balances the calories you take in with the calories you use up in your daily activi- ties so that your body weight stays in the healthy range
ModerationModeration means not having too many calories, too much fat, too much sugar or too much sodium, or conversely having too little of these
Nutrient DensityA measure of the nutrients provided by a food relative to its calorie content.
Discuss factors that influence food choices. Which are the most influential?How many kilocalories do each of the nutrients provide per gram?
Which nutrients contribute to body structure? Regulation of body processes? Fueling cellular processes?Body Structure: Fats, Carbs, proteins, minerals, water Body Process: All nutrients Cellular Processes: Lipids proteins and water
Briefly discuss the relationship between nutrition and causes of death in Canada. Identify the three leading causes of death for Canadians.Overnutrition major risk factor 1.Cancer 2.Heart Disease 3.Stroke
Functional foodsFoods that have health-promoting and/or disease- preventing properties beyond basic nutri- tional functions. Ex brocolli, fish
NeutraceuticalsNeutraceuticals: foods that are fortified with nutrients or enhanced with phytochemicals, vitamin water omega 3 eggs
hypothesesProposed explanations for an observation or a scientific problem that can be tested through experimentation.
theoriesFormal explanations of an observed phenom- enon made after a hypothesis has been repeatedly supported and tested through experimentation.
epidemiologyThe branch of science that studies health and dis- ease trends and pat- terns in populations. In epidemiological studies, observations are made without the manipulation of variable
Experimental evidencebetter suited for drawing more specific conclusions as it can control for many of the confounding variables that can influence the results of epidemiological evidence.
Anecdotal evidencesimply a story you may hear about someone else’s experience with a specific nutritional concern.
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