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Bot Med NPLEX II

rename
rualda's version from 2017-07-14 05:49

Summary

main uses and C/I for botanical medicing NPLEX II 2017

Section A

Question Answer
Achillea millefoliumhemostatic (wounds, menorrhagia, metrorrhagia, hemorrage, hematuria), some bitter, anti-inflam CI Preg, PPIs
Aconitum napellusanodyne neuralgia, pain. toxic, narrow tx window, lethal ventricular fib, chest pain
Actaea racemosa (Cimicifuga racemosa)(black cohosh) uterine tonic, spasmolytic, PMS, dysmen, menor, arthritis, myalgia. CI Early preg
Aesculus hippocastanumvenotonic, topical for bruises, autoimmune/DM AE nausea
Allium cepa/sativumlipids, athero, angina, impotence, htn, DM (CV herb), topical antifungal. AE bleeding, anticoag; CI hypoglycemic drugs
Althea officinalis (Althaea officinalis)demulcent GI, Urinary tract. CI wet cough w demulcents
Angelica sinensisuterine tonic (amen, endo, menopause, infert, PMS. CI bleeding, menorragia, antiplatelet
Arctium lappaskin, lv, GB. additionally--dyspepsia, biliary insufficiency, hepatitis
Arctostaphylosuva ursi UTI w alk urine CI preg; AE nausea, mild toxicity
memorize

A2

Question Answer
Arnica montanabruises, sprains, strains. topical; CI broken skin
Artemisia annuadigestive, sweeter, parasites, cancer high dose nuerotoxic
Artemisia absinthiumbitter--anti-parasite, malaria. high dose nuerotoxic
Artemisia vulgarisnot used much. high dose nuerotoxic
Asclepias tuberosaexpectorant, anti-tussive, fever, cough, pneum, bronchitis, rarely used
Aspidosperma quebrachostim expectorant for non-dry cough rarely used CI preg, lact, dry cough, children
Astragalus membranaceussafe in autoimmune bc is a modulator safe
Atropa belladonnainhibits secretions w sm relax. mm spasms, pain CI BPH, closed-angle glaucoma. Intx: potentiates anticholinergics (tcas)
Avena sativaanxiol, nervine, nutr, hypolipidemic as food, safe
memorize

B

Question Answer
Bacopa monnieri/tinctoriamem, cong, safe
Babtista tinctoria Immune-modulating, anti-microbial. Pharyngitis, etc, anti-viral. AE tachypnea, tachycardia (slightly more dangerous)
Berberis aquafolium (mahonia)Anti-microbial, chronic skin esp psoriasis or acne, bitter. AE N/other GI
Berberis vulgarisLV, GB/stones, jaundice. CI preg, bile d obst, many drug intx
Boswellia serrataanti-inflam, asthma, UC, OA, RA, SAFE
Bryonia albaanodyne, immune, some sedation, pain, infection. AE abd pain, n&v, diarrhea, not really used internally or much at all
Bryonia cretica dioicapowerful cathartic, purg. anti-infl, bronch, asthma, intest. ulcers, external rubefactient , HTN, arthritis
memorize

C

Question Answer
Calendula officinalisdemulcent, anti-inflam, vuln for dermatitis, wounds. SAFE
Camellia sinensisgreen tea, anti-ox, tannins, astring.
Cannabis sativaanalgesic, sedative, anti-emetic. CI preg, abuse potential, schizoph/other psych
Capsella bursa-pastorisstyptic, hemorhage, menorr, metro, postpartum hem. CI Maj bleed (not effective). Intx: anticoag
Capsicum frutescensantiplatelet, dig stim, topical anodyne, anti-inflam(OA, RA, etc). intx: anticoag
Cassia angustifolia (Senna alexandrina)catharsis for constipation, directly stim bm. CI long-term, laxative dep'dence
Caulophyllum thalictroides(blue cohosh) uterine tonic, parturifacient (during late preg). CI early preg
Ceanothus americanusHepatoprotective, NAFLD, Fatty LV, Hepatitis SAFE
Centella asiaticaNervine, antipyretic, mental-tonic, nervous insomnia, porr memory, infx, venous insufficiency
memorize

C2

Question Answer
Chamaelirium luteumuterine tonic - amenorrhea, dys, endom, prolapse, miscarriage, SAFE
Chelidonium majuscholeretic, cholagogue, billiary insuf, stone prevention. AE N/V, CI hepatic failure, preg/lac
Chionanthus virginicushepatic, cholagogue, bitter, generally safe, CI obstruction/Cancer (bile d, pancreatic)
Cineraria maritimatopical cateract. CI internal--hepatotoxic
Cinnamomum zeylanicumDM, metabolic syn, GI issues (N/V, diarrhea), stim gastric, maybe CI ulcers, caution GERD, severe gastritis
Coleus forskohliidry cough, asthma. activates cAMP, adaptogen, cardiotonic, immune, pos inotrope, dec bp, anti-platelet. intx: warfarin, digoxin
Commiphora mukulhyperlipidemia, LDL, anti-inflam. CI: IBD, Drug Intx: beta blockers
Commiphora myrrha (Commiphora molmol)anti-infx, anti microb, infections (GI, vag, etc), SAFE
Convallaria majalismilder digitalis, CHF, arythmmia. Same intx: diuretic, bblockers, more
memorize

C-D

Question Answer
Cordyceps sinensisasthma (relax sm), cough, bronch, respiratory dos, potentiates epi. CI autoimmune, some drug intx
Corydalis ambigua and spp.lots of fx, gastritis, pain, parasites, arrythmia, bacteria, hypnotic, sedative, largely for GI SYSTEM. can be toxic, not really used
Cynara scolymushyperlipidemia, liver/gb, bitter. CI digestive stim (GERD, etc)
Datura stramoniumspasms, pain. CI: BPH, AE dryness, potentiates anticholinergics
Digitalis purpureaCHF, arrhythmia. Toxic: Narrow therapeutic window, OD lethal Intx: Many drugs... caution!
Dioscorea villosaSpasmolytic, Dysmen, endometeriosis, PMS, spasms, kd stone pain. SAFE
memorize

E

Question Answer
Echinacea angustifolia/purpurea/pallidaflu, anti-viral, inflam mod, anti-micr, CI long-term, maybe AI
Eleutherococcus senticosusimmune-modulating, adrenal support, infx, CA, AI. AE irritability, insomnia
Ephedra sinicabanned so don't mix stim drugs, decongest, allergy meds, prob unsafe. helps breathe (a-AR agonist), sinusitis, asthma, COPD, rhinitis. CI DM, hyperthyroid, htn, AE Agitation
Equisetum arvenseurinary tonic, chronic skin conditions (acne), UTI, KD stones, SAFE
Eschscholzia californicaanxiolytic, sedative Intx: benzo
Eucalyptus globulusURI, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, topical arthritis, not as tinct, only essential oil, AE w internal use
Eupatorium perfoliatumfever and infections CI hepatotox (pyralizadine alkaloids)
Eupatorium purpureumgravel root for urolithiasis, renal calculi, gout. CI hepatotoxic (P.A.)
Euphrasia officinalis (Euphrasia stricta)nose and eye -itis, anti-inflam, allergy, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, sinusitis, SAFE
memorize

F, G

Question Answer
Fenniculum vulfarecarminitive, Fytoestrogen, galactogogue, SAFE
Fucus vesiculosisiodine source for thyroid health, goiter/hypo. general caution.
Gallium aparinelymphatic tonic, skin, UTI, urolithiasis, safe
Ganoderma lucidumDeep immune activation (adaptogen, bacteria, cancer, anti-ox, etc) CI: AI
Gelsemium sempervirenstrigeminal n pain, stim then depress n fx, antispas, cardiosedative, fever, insomnia, pain. EXTREMELY TOXIC, not used AE sedation, GI hypotension, preg
Gentiana luteabitter - largest fx hepatotonic A/E nausea CI GI stim
memorize

 

Question Answer
Geranium maculatumvulnerary, anti-inflam, tannins=astringent, hemorrhage, menorrhagia, diarrhea, varicose v AE nausea
Ginkgo bilobacerebrovascular insufficiency, including depression, dementia, memory, arterial insuff, intermitt claud, impotense, anti-CA, CI: bleeding, anticoag intx
Glycyrrhiza glabrainflam, immune, demulcent, hepatoprotect, Gastritis, PUD, H Pylori. Intx: hypokalemia drugs like digoxin, quinidine, gentamicin.
DGLfor GERD
Grindelia robustaspasmodic cough, resin increases mucus/anti-inflam. Safeish
Gymnema sylvestrediabetes, cravings, weight loss, etc, additive hypoglycemic intx
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H

Question Answer
Hamamelis virginianaastringent, venous congestion, varicosities, diarrhea, fairly safe
Harpagophytum procumbensinflammation (gout, OA, RA), can be topical, Safe
Humulus lupulusbitter, phytoestrogen (women), insomnia (sleeps), CI gastric stim, depression
Hydrangea arborescensKD, bladder stones, diuretic, anti-lithic, No known SE, OD vertigo, chest pain
Hydrastis canadensismucus membranes, bitter, antimicrob, immune, anti-h.pylori. Toxicity: possible dysbiosis, GI stim
Hyoscyamus nigersedative, hypnotic, anti-spasm, Interstitial cystitis, pain, urinary spasms, CI BPH, potentiates anti-cholinergics (TCAs, amitryptaline), dryness, visual blurring w toxicity
Hypericum perforatumdepression, cancer, anti-viral (CMV, EBV), toxicity-photosens. Intx: lots, SSRIs
memorize

I-L

Question Answer
Inula heleniumasthma, COPD, cough, URI, bronchitis, parasites, safe
Iris versicolorlymph/thyroid, GI (n/v), cholagogue, choleretic, alterative (skin). AE nv
Juglans nigraintestinal parasites, fungal infx, CI preg GI irit
Juniperus communisantimicrobial, UTI (urinary sedative and anti-septic), topical myalgia. CI renal damage
Larrea tridentataallergic rhinitis, cancer, infection. hepatoxic, caution in LV dz (not really used)
Leonurus cardiacaPalpitations, uterine tonic (anti-spasm, menstrual d/o), bitter. Safe-ish, GI upset in high doses
Leptandra virginica (Veronicastrum virginicum)hepatotonic, choleretic, cholagogue, bitter. CI gastric stim. no one uses
memorize

 

Question Answer
Ligusticum porteriANTI-VIRAL, LV issues, cholecystitis, GI stasis. (chronic fatigue, fibro, EBV), strong medicine. CI rash. AE GI irritation.
Ligustrum luciduminfx (immunostim), cancer, safe.
Linum usitatissimumflax. constipation, cholesterol. AE GI (n/b/g) CI IBS, IBD
Lobelia inflataWet cough, lung ds, URI, smoker cough. Nervine, diffusive pulmonary tonic. AE n/v. OD death
Lomatium dissectumviral infx. strong herb. AE WHOLE BODY RASH, photosensitization
Lycopus virginicushyperthyroid, palpitations, anxiety. CI preg, lac, antithyroid drug intx
memorize

M, O

Question Answer
Matricaria chamomilla (Matricaria recutita)Children, GI, skin, anxiety, preg, infx, N/V. SAFE
Medicago sativaPhytoestrogen (endometriosis, infertility, menopause). Safe.
Melaleuca alternifoliaAntifungal, antimicrob, TOPICAL
Melissa officinalisHyperthryoid. Anxiety w GI, Nervine, CI Hypothyroid, GERD
Mentha piperitaCarminative, spasmolytic, GI stuff, dyspepsia, colic. CI dig stim
Mitchella repensrepens the uterus. Parturifacient, uterine, tonic. dymen, infert, fibroids, CI early preg.
Momordica charantiaDM, psoriasis, bitter, chewed whole. CI wet cough, gastric stim.
Olea europaeaHtn, virus, bitter (tinct from leaf), antifung (oil from fruit). CI GI stim
MR CC gaurantees deliveriesMitchella, Caulaphylum, Chanalerium
memorize

P,Q

Question Answer
Panax ginseng/quinquefolDM?, Fatigue, Phytoestrogen, strong stimulating adaptogen/immune. CI preg
Passiflora incarnataanxiety, insomnia, fairly safe
Pausinystalia yohimbeED, CI anxiety bc a-2-AR antag Intx viagra, do not use. Got wood?
Phytolacca americanaLymphadenopathy, mastitis, CA?, CI preg. Toxic OD
Piper methysticum Anxiety, IC pain. CI antipsychotic, long-term use, hepatotoxic
Piscidia erythrina (Piscidia piscipula)Anodyne, spasmolytic, sedative (pain, myalgia, neuralgia, HA). CI preg
memorize

 

Question Answer
Plantago majorDemulcent, vulnerary. GI gastritis, ulcer. CI wet coug bc demulc
Podophyllum peltatumantineoplastic, anti-HPV, cancer, warts. CI extremely toxic, not used as dry herb
Prunus serotinaanti-tussive, spasmodic cough, safe
Prunus africana (Pygeum africanum)BPH, safe.
Pulsatilla vulgarisanodyne, sedative. pain, dysmenorrhe, endometriosis pain, PMS pain (female health conditions) AE abd pain, not commonly internal
Quercus rubranewer. anstringent, anti-inflam, anti-spetic. Strong. GI diarrhea, dysentery, hemorrhoids. SafetyL short term dt reduced nutrient abs, CI on externally damaged skin
memorize

R

Question Answer
Rauwolfia serpentinaHTN, anti-arythmic (systemic vasodilation). CI depression bc catecholamine depletion. Intx BP meds, MAO inhib.
Rhamnus frangula/purshiana catharsis for constipation. CI preg, lac, dependence. AE Abd cramp, diarrhea
Rhodiola roseaAdaptogen, anti-depressant, chronic stress, immunosuppresion, safe
Ricinus communistopical anodyne, anti-inflam. pain, dysmen, ovarian cyst, pms, myalgia. orally catharsis/emesis. toxic ID internally, not long term
Rosmarinus officinaliscerebrovascular insufficiency (hypotension, dementia, memory), anti-microbial (oil, topical), safe
Rubus idaeusuterine tonic, very safe through preg. prepare labor
Rumex crispusbitter, hepatoprotective, alterative (skin) AE nausea
memorize

S

Question Answer
Salix albapain, fever, myalgia, arthritis, HA, not for child - viral exanthem, SE GI irritation
Salvia officinalisskin infx, anti-secretory, anti-bac. CI lactation bc drying
Sambucus nigraflower-fever, conjunctivitis/rhinitis, pharyngitis. fruit-URI, influenza. AE diarrhea
Sanguinaria canadensiscervical dysplasia, escharotic, basal or SCC, topical. CI painful ulceration, skin necrosis. toxic internally.
Schisandra chinensisadaptogen, hepatoprotective, expectorant/anti-tussive, depression, stress, cough. CI Preg
memorize

 

 

Question Answer
Selenicereus grandifloruscactus, arrythmia, palpitation, CHF, angina, intx MAO inhibitors
Serenoa repens BPH inhibits 5 a reductase, safe. maybe PCOS, baldness
Silybum marianumliver, hepatoprotective, hep, cirrhosis, fatty, cholelith, safe
Smilax spp male tonic (low T, andropause), PMS menopause sx, alterative, hormonal imbalance.
Solidago sppdiuretic, renal (nephritis, urinary, etc) pulm herb, safe
Symphytum officinalewounds, derm, fractures, inflam in respiratory system or GI CI preg, lac, PA, hepatotoxic
memorize

T

Question Answer
Tanacetum partheniumwell researched for migranes, safe, CI preg (board vitals)
Tanacetum vulgareintestinal parasites, aborttifacient, GI sx
Taraxacum officinaleleaf bitter, uti, kd stones. root more lv, ci ulcer, ae nausea
Theobroma cacaoanti-ox, uv rays, stim, SE restlessness, theobromine and caffeine
Thuja occidentalisw, infx like pharyngitis, anti-mic. toxic, neurotoxic, preg.
Thymus vulgarisanti-microbial (h. pylori, biral, fungal, gi), topical myalgia. Neurotoxic.
Tilia europeacirculatory tonic, diaphoretic (infx, colds, flues), HTN, safe
Tribulus terrestristestosterone boosting, libido, fertility, stimulant, performance, most likely CI preg
Trifolium pratensephytoest (menop, hot flash, preg) safe
Tussilago farfaradry cough, dermatitis, AE hepatotoxic w diff type of PA
memorize

U-Z

Question Answer
Ulmus rubra (Ulmus fulva)DI demulcent, gastritis, GERD, ulcer, CI wet cough. slurry w powder.
Urtica dioicaleaf/seed low uti, urolith, root bph, CI topical app
Usnea barbataanti-microbial, anti-fungal, toxic: hepatotoxic (like many anti-fungals)
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit-vision (dm retinopathy), vv, UTI. Leaf DM. Safe
Valeriana officinalisinsomnia, anxiety, sm mm spasms, AE sedation, may prolong GABAergic drugs
Veratrum album/ viridecholera (gushing bowels)/HTN TOXIC. teratogenic. very rarely used.
memorize

 

Question Answer
Verbascum thapsusasthma, copd, any cough, mullien. safe
Verbena officinalisalterative female. menopause, nervine (anxious women), CI gastric stim safe otherwise. N
Viburnum opulus/prunifoliumspasmolytic, sm mm anywhere, dysmen, endometriosis, PMS, myalgia, safe
Vinca major/Vinca minorperiwinkle, circ stim, ha, vertigo, htn, memory sim to gingko, rosem, CI preg
Viscum album/flavescenssubq for CA. HTN less freq. toxic berry od
Vitex agnus-castusamen, pms, acne, cyst, inc P, CI preg
Withania somniferastress, infx, ci AI, pg
Zingiberemesis, atherosclerosis, infx. ci gi stim
memorize