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Bot Med NPLEX II

rename
dobuvade's version from 2017-07-03 16:21

Summary

main uses and C/I for botanical medicing NPLEX II 2017

Section A

Question Answer
Achillea millefoliumhemostatic (wounds, menorrhagia, metrorrhagia, hemorrage, hematuria), some bitter, anti-inflam CI Preg, PPIs
Aconitum napellusanodyne neuralgia, pain. toxic, narrow tx window, lethal ventricular fib, chest pain
Actaea racemosa (Cimicifuga racemosa)(black cohosh) uterine tonic, spasmolytic, PMS, dysmen, menor, arthritis, myalgia. CI Early preg
Aesculus hippocastanumvenotonic, topical for bruises, autoimmune/DM AE nausea
Allium cepa/sativumlipids, athero, angina, impotence, htn, DM (CV herb), topical antifungal. AE bleeding, anticoag; CI hypoglycemic drugs
Althea officinalis (Althaea officinalis)demulcent GI, Urinary tract. CI wet cough w demulcents
Angelica sinensisuterine tonic (amen, endo, menopause, infert, PMS. CI bleeding, menorragia, antiplatelet
Arctium lappaskin, lv, BG. additionally--dyspepsia, biliary insufficiency, hepatitis
Arctostaphylosuva ursi UTI w alk urine CI preg; AE nausea, mild toxicity
memorize

A2

Question Answer
Arnica montanabruises, sprains, strains. topical; CI broken skin
Artemisia annuadigestive, sweeter, parasites, cancer high dose nuerotoxic
Artemisia absinthiumbitter--anti-parasite, malaria. high dose nuerotoxic
Artemisia vulgarisnot used as much. high dose nuerotoxic
Asclepias tuberosaexpectorant, anti-tussive, fever, cough, pneum, bronchitis, rarely used
Aspidosperma quebrachostim expectorant for non-dry cough rarely used CI preg, lact, dry cough, children
Astragalus membranaceussafe in autoimmune bc is a modulator safe
Atropa belladonnainhibits secretions w sm relax. mm spasms, pain CI BPH, closed-angle glaucoma. Intx: potentiates anticholinergics (trycyclic antidepressants
Avena sativaanxiol, nervine, nutr, hypolipidemic as food, safe
memorize

B

Question Answer
Bacopa monnieri/tinctoriamem, cong, safe
Babtista tinctoria Immune-modulating, anti-microbial. Pharyngitis, etc, anti-viral. AE tachypnea, tachycardia (slightly more dangerous)
Berberis aquafolium (mahonia)Anti-microbial, chronic skin esp psoriasis or acne, bitter. AE N/other GI
Berberis vulgarisLV, GB/stones, jaundice. CI preg, bile d obst, many drug intx
Boswellia serrataanti-inflam, asthma, UC, OA, RA, SAFE
Bryonia albaanodyne, immune, some sedation, pain, infection. AE abd pain, n&v, diarrhea, not really used internally or much at all
Bryonia cretica dioicapowerful cathartic, purgatice. anti-infl, bronch, asthma, intest. ulcers, external rubefactient , HTN, arthritis
memorize

C

Question Answer
Calendula officinalisdemulcent, anti-inflam, vuln for dermatitis, wounds. SAFE
Camellia sinensisgreen tea, anti-ox, tannins, astring.
Cannabis sativaanalgesic, sedative, anti-emetic. CI preg, abuse potential, schizoph/other psych
Capsella bursa-pastorisstyptic, hemorhage, menorr, metro, postpartum hem. CI Maj bleed (not effective). Intx: anticoag
Capsicum frutescensantiplatelet, dig stim, topical anodyne, anti-inflam(OA, RA, etc). intx: anticoag
Cassia angustifolia (Senna alexandrina)catharsis for constipation, directly stim bm. CI long-term, laxative dep'dence
Caulophyllum thalictroides(blue cohosh) uterine tonic, parturifacient (during late preg). CI early preg
Ceanothus americanusHepatoprotective, NAFLD, Fatty LV, Hepatitis SAFE
Centella asiaticaNervine, antipyretic, mental-tonic, nervous insomnia, porr memory, infx, venous insufficiency
memorize

C2

Question Answer
Chamaelirium luteumuterine tonic - amenorrhea, dys, endom, prolapse, miscarriage, SAFE
Chelidonium majuscholeretic, cholagogue, billiary insuf, stone prevention. AE N/V, CI hepatic failure, preg/lac
Chionanthus virginicushepatic, cholagogue, bitter, generally safe, CI obstruction/Cancer (bile d, pancreatic)
Cineraria maritimatopical cateract. CI internal--hepatotoxic
Cinnamomum zeylanicumDM, metabolic syn, GI issues (N/V, diarrhea), stim gastric, maybe CI ulcers, caution GERD, severe gastritis
Coleus forskohliidry cough, asthma. activates cAMP, adaptogen, cardiotonic, immune, pos inotrope, dec bp, anti-platelet. intx: warfarin, digoxin
Commiphora mukulhyperlipidemia, LDL, anti-inflam. CI: IBD, Drug Intx: beta blockers
Commiphora myrrha (Commiphora molmol)anti-infx, anti microb, infections (GI, vag, etc), SAFE
Convallaria majalismilder digitalis, CHF, arythmmia. Same intx: diuretic, bblockers, more
memorize

C-D

Question Answer
Cordyceps sinensisasthma (relax sm), cough, bronch, respiratory dos, potentiates epi. CI autoimmune, some drug intx
Corydalis ambigua and spp.lots of fx, gastritis, pain, parasites, arrythmia, bacteria, hypnotic, sedative, largely for GI SYSTEM. can be toxic, not really used
Crataegus oxyacantha (Crataegus laevigata)all heart problems, safe
Curcuma longaanti-inflam, hepatoprotective, anti-ca, SAFE
Cynara scolymushyperlipidemia, liver/gb, bitter. CI digestive stim (GERD, etc)
Datura stramoniumspasms, pain. CI: BPH, AE dryness, potentiates anticholinergics
Digitalis purpureaCHF, arrhythmia. Toxic: Narrow therapeutic window, OD lethal Intx: Many drugs... caution!
Dioscorea villosa• Spasmolytic, Dysmen, endometeriosis, PMS, spasms, kd stone pain. SAFE
memorize

E

Question Answer
Echinacea angustifolia
Echinacea pallida
Echinacea purpurea
Eleutherococcus senticosus
Ephedra sinica
Equisetum arvense
Eschscholzia californica
Eucalyptus globulus
memorize
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Question Answer
Eupatorium purpureum
Euphrasia officinalis (Euphrasia stricta)
memorize

F

Question Answer
Fenniculumdigestive
memorize

G

Question Answer
Geraniumskin
memorize

H

Question Answer
Hyoscyamusatropine
memorize

I-J

Question Answer
Ipecacumemetic
Juglansanti-microbial, parasitic
memorize

K-L

Question Answer
Lobeliaasthma
memorize

M-O

Question Answer
Matricariachamomile, astringent
memorize

P

Question Answer
Panax ginseng
Panax quinquefolius
Passiflora incarnata
Pausinystalia yohimbe
Phytolacca americana
Piper methysticum
Piscidia erythrina (Piscidia piscipula)
memorize
Plantago major
Podophyllum peltatum
Prunus serotina
Prunus africana (Pygeum africanum)
Pulsatilla vulgaris

Q-R

Quercus rubra
Rauwolfia serpentina
Rhamnus frangula
Rhamnus purshiana (Frangula purshiana)
Rhodiola rosea
Ricinus communis
Rosmarinus officinalis
Rubus idaeus
Rumex crispus

S

Salix alba
Salvia officinalis
Sambucus nigra
Sanguinaria canadensis
Schisandra chinensis
Scutellaria baicalensis
Scutellaria lateriflora
Selenicereus grandiflorus (Cactus grandiflorus)
Serenoa repens
Silybum marianum
Smilax spp.
Solidago spp.
Symphytum officinale

T

Tanacetum parthenium
Tanacetum vulgare
Taraxacum officinale
Theobroma cacao
Thuja occidentalis
Thymus vulgaris
Tilia europea
Tribulus terrestris
Trifolium pratense
Tussilago farfara

U-Z

Ulmus rubra (Ulmus fulva)
Urtica dioica
Usnea barbata
Vaccinium myrtillus Valeriana officinalis Veratrum album Veratrum viride Verbascum thapsus Verbena officinalis Viburnum opulus Viburnum prunifolium Vinca major
Vinca minor
Viscum album Viscum flavescens
(Phoradendron serotinum) Vitex agnus-castus
Withania somnifera
Zingiber officinale