Bonus Chapter Material - week 3

amprevel's version from 2017-01-23 06:05

Forensic Nursing- Wounds

Question Answer
Sharp force injuriesIncludes stab wounds and other wounds resulting from penetration with a sharp object.
Blunt force injuriesIncludes cuts and bruises re- sulting from the impact of a blunt object against the body.
Dicing injuriesmultiple, minute cuts and abra- sions caused by contact with shattered glass (e.g., often occur in motor vehicle accidents)
Patterned injuriesspecific injuries that reflect the pattern of the weapon used to inflict the injury
Bite mark injuriesa type of patterned injury inflicted by a human or animal
Defense woundsinjuries that reflect the victim’s attempt to defend himself or herself from attack
Hesitation woundsusually superficial, sharp force wounds; often found perpendicular to the lower part of the body and may reflect self-inflicted wounds.
Fast-force injuriesusually gunshot wounds; may reflect various patterns of injury.

Forensic nursing - prisons

Question Answer
barriers to therapeutic comm in prison nursing
teaching priorities

Complementary - herbal supplements

Question Answer
Black cohoshMay provide relief of menstrual cramps, improve mood or provide a calming effect.
Extracts from the roots are thought to have action similar to estrogen.
Cascara sagradaRelief of constipation
Chamomile mild sedative in the relief of insomnia.
Aid digestion, relieve menstrual cramps, and settle upset stomach.
EchinaceaStimulates the immune system; may have value in fighting infections and easing the symptoms of colds and flu.
Observe for allergic rxn
FennelUsed to ease stomachaches and to aid digestion.
Tea /extracts to stimulate the appetites of people with anorexia
FeverfewProphylaxis and treatment of migraine headaches. SE: temporary mouth ulcers
GingerGinger tea to ease stomachaches and to aid digestion.
Two powdered ginger-root capsules have shown to be effective in preventing motion sickness.
Gingko biloba useUsed to treat senility, short-term memory loss, and peripheral in- sufficiency. Has been shown to dilate blood vessels.
Gingko biloba SEheadache, GI problems, and dizziness. Contraindicated in pregnancy and lactation and in patients with bleeding disorder.
Gingko biloba possible drug interactionsaspirin or anticoagulants.
Ginseng useThe ancient Chinese believed this herb increased wisdom and longevity.
Current studies support a possible positive effect on the cardiovascular system.
Ginseng SEheadache, insomnia, anxiety, skin rashes, diarrhea.
Ginseng drug interactionsanticoagulants.
Hopsnervousness, mild anxiety, and insomnia.
Cramping associated with diarrhea.
Kava-Kava usereduce anxiety while promoting mental acuity.
Kava-kava SEScaly skin rash may occur when taken at high dosage for long periods.
Motor reflexes and judgment when driving may be reduced
Kava-kava drug interactionsadditive tranquilizing effects with CNS depressants
Kava-kava AEpotential for liver damage. Do not take >3 months without a doctor’s supervision.
Passion flowernervousness and insomnia.
Depresses the central nervous sys- tem to produce a mild sedative effect.
Peppermint tea use relieve upset stomachs and headaches and as a mild sedative.
Oil of peppermint useinflammation of the mouth, pharynx, and bronchus.
Psylliumbulk laxative: chronic constipation, hypercholesterolemia.
SkullcapUsed as a sedative for mild anxiety and nervousness.
St. John's WortUsed in the treatment of mild to moderate depression.
May block reuptake of serotonin/norepinephrine and have a mild MAO inhibiting effect.
St. John's Wort SE/teachingmild GI irritation that is lessened with food; photosensitivity when taken in high dosages over long periods. Should not be taken with other psychoactive meds.
Valerian use/MOAUsed to treat nervousness and insomnia. MOA similar to benzodiazepines, but without addicting properties.
Valerian SE/AE/teachingSide effects may include mild headache or upset stomach.
Taking doses higher than recommended may result in severe headache, nau- sea, morning grogginess, blurry vision.
Should not be taken concurrently with CNS depressants or during pregnancy


Complementary - Vitamins


Question Answer
Vitamin B6 deficiencymemory probs
Vitamin B12 deficiencymemory probs
Calcium useprevent H/A, premenstrual probs
Magnesiumprevent asmta attacks, migraines
Magnesium deficiencyinsomnia, premenstrual probs
Iron deficiencyH/A, chronic fatigue
Iodine functionaids in synthesis of T4
Selenium deficiencydepressed mood