Bones to know for YTT

knoblegoodman's version from 2017-01-19 04:23

Section 1

Question Answer
anteriorin front
medialtoward the midline
lateralaway from the midline
proximalcloser to the center of the body
distalfarther from the center of the body
flexionplantar flexion
extensionleg extension
abductionabduct away, moving away
adductionadd to, toward the midline
lateral rotationrotation of the head
medial rotation rotation of the torse
anterior tiltbelly button forward, tailbone back
posterior tilt belly button back, pubic bone forward
retractionshoulder blades on back
protractionshoulders forward

Section 2

Question Answer
5 main structural tissuesbones, ligaments, tendons, muscles, fascia
bonesprovide shape and support for the body/protects inner organs
ligamentsconnects bones to bones
tendonsconnects muscles to bones
musclesresponsible for movement of the body; protection; metabolic heat
fasciafine layer of tissue that interconnects all the muscles, bone and inner organs
cervical spine7 vertebrae in the neck
thoracic spine12 vertebrae from shoulder to the beginning of the low back
lumbar spine5 vertebrae in the lower back
scapulashoulder blade
claviclecollar bone
sternumbreast bone

Section 3

Question Answer
humerusupper arm bone
head of humerushead of upper arm where the arms meets the shoulder
radiuslateral forearm bone on side of thumb
ulnamedial forearm bone on side of pinky
carpalshand/wrist bones
metacarpalshand bones
carpal phalangesfingers

Section 4

Question Answer
pubispubic bone
ischial tuberositysit bones
sacrumfused vertebrae below lumbar spine

Section 5

Question Answer
femurupper leg bone
head of femurhead of upper leg that meets the hip
tibiashin, lower leg bone on big toe side
patellaknee bone
internal and external melleolusankle bone
tarsals bones of the mid-foot
metatarsalsbones of the fore-foot
tarsal phalangestoes

Section 6

Question Answer
prime mover (muscles)responsible for majority of large, gross movements
stabilizing musclessupports individual joints and provides various movements through a range of motion
agonistresponsible for movement. The muscle that is contracted or flexed
antagonistmuscles that's relaxed and lengthened/extended; opposes action of agonist to balance movement.

Section 7

Question Answer
rectus abdominisprime mover/abs/flexes spine forward, stabilizes midsection and support spine during backbends
transverse abdominisprime mover/ abs/ same as rectus
obliques (internal and external)primer mover, abdominals. Rotates and flexes trunk.
erector spinaeprime mover/back. extends back and supports spine
quadratus lumborumprime mover/supports low back
lattissimus dorseprime mover/extends and rotates trunk, adducts the arms to the side
trapeziusprimer mover/back/3 sections: upper raises scapula; middle retracts scapula, lower lowers scapula
pectoralis majorprime mover/front of chest/adducts arms and pushes body up as in plank