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Boards Exam 3

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lunalovegood's version from 2016-07-20 03:01

Section

+ or -
Question Answer
Has thicker cell wallgram +
Has more proteins in cell wallgram -
Staph aureusgram +
E. Coligram -
Neisseriagram -
Bacteriodesgram -
Chlamydiagram -
Stains purplegram +
Stains pinkgram -
Outer membranegram -
LPSgram -
Endotoxingram -
Teichoic acidgram + (often present)
Capsulesometimes in either gram - gram +
Lysozyme resistantgram -
More resistant to penicillingram -
Exotoxinsometimes in either gram - gram +
Sporesgram +
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Antibiotic
Question Answer
MRSAvancomycin
Staphmethicillin (S. epidermis - vancomycin. S. saprophyticus - penicillin)
Strep Pneumoniapenicillin, vancomycin, erythromycin
Strep Pyogenespenicillin
Strep agalactiaepenicillinase resistant synthetic penicillin
Corneybacterium diptheriaeantitoxin, erythromycin
Bacillus anthracispenicillin
Neisseria meningitidispenicillin G
Vibrio cholerahydrate, tetracycline or doxycycline
Helicobacter pyloribismuth salts, metronidazole or tetracycline or amoxicillin
Bordetella Pertussis (whooping cough)erythromycin
Legionellaerythromycin
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Metabolism
Question Answer
Clostridiaanaerobic (C. perfringens can kinda do oxygen)
C. perfringensonly clostridia that can kinda tolerate oxygen
Propionibacteriaobligate anaerobe
Brucellaobligate aerobe
Corynebacteriumfacultative anaerobe
Yersiniafacultative anaerobes
Bacillusaerobic or facultative anaerobe
Staphfacultative anaerobe
Strepaerotolerant anaerobe
Neisseriaaerobic
Bordetellaaerobic
Legionellaaerobic
Mycobacteriumaerobic
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Bacteria
Question Answer
What does LPS and cockroaches have in common?Can't kill them
Toxic component of LPSLipid A
A variable component of LPSO-antigen
Continuous culture / Chemostat keeps bacteria in _________ phaselog
Uptake and integration of naked DNA from environmenttransformation
Phage-mediated transfer of bacterial DNAtransduction
Direct transfer of bacterial DNA between 2 organismsconjugation
Cold sterilization uses ...glutaraldehyde (VERY EFFECTIVE DISINFECTANT)
Good sterilization for sharp itemsethylene oxide (alkylizes DNA)
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Endo / Exo
Question Answer
Heat resistantendotoxin
Convertible to toxoidexotoxin
Strongly antigenicexotoxin
Weakly antigenicendotoxin
Specific mode of actionexotoxin
Generalized mode of actionendotoxin
PAMPsendotoxin
TLR & cytokine pathwayendotoxin
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Expecto Patronum
Question Answer
All DNA viruses have ____ nucleocapsids. (exception of Poxviruses)icosahedral
All RNA viruses have ____ nucleocapsids.helical
All RNA viruses have single strands EXCEPT ...Reoviruses
All RNA viruses are enveloped EXCEPT ...Reoviruses, Caliciviruses, Picornaviruses
All DNA viruses replicate in the nucleus EXCEPT ...Poxviruses
All RNA viruses replicate in the cytoplasm EXCEPT ... influenza & retroviruses
All DNA viruses are double stranded EXCEPT ...pavoviruses (and parts of hepadnaviruses)
Which Hepatitis is a DNA virus?B
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ENVELOPE
Question Answer
Papillomano
Adenovirusno
Poxyes (double envelope! double rainbow!)
Herpes yes
Reovirusno
Rotavirusno (but has unique temporary envelope when being formed)
Calicivirusno
Picornavirusesno
Rubellayes
Orthomyxovirusyes
Retrovirusyes
Flavivirusyes
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Virus, virus go away. Come again another day.
Question Answer
Conjunctivitis, Respiratory & ocular secretionsadenovirus
Inclusion bodiesHerpes simplex
DNA virus that replicates in cytoplasmPox
Sabin (live) or Salk (killed)Polio (picornavirus)
Hand foot & mouth diseasecoxsackievirus A (picornavirus)
Influenza A B Corthomyxovirus
Influenza _________ & ___ are more severe.A & B (more than C - C is like common cold)
Reye's syndromeInfluenza B (orthomyxovirus)
Croupparainfluenza (paramyxovirus)
Koplik spotsMeasles (paramyxovirus)
Measles, Mumps, Parainfluenza, Respiratory syncytial virusparamyxoviruses
Alphaviruses, RubellaTogaviruses
Equine encephalitisalphaviruses
Yellow fever, Dengue feverFlavivirus
RabiesRhabdovirus (Flavivirus)
Bullet shapedRabies
Negri bodiesRabies
Orbivirus - Coltivirus - Rotavirus - ReovirusReoviridae
Leading cause of diarrhea in infants & young childrenRotavirus (Reoviridae)
Can remain stable for weeks or months w/o disinfectionRotavirus (Reoviridae)
Colorado tick feverColtivirus (Reoviridae)
32 cup shaped depressionsCalcivirus
Cruise ship diarrheaCalcivirus (Khaleesi virus - Dothraki do not do well on ships)
10 viral particles sufficient for infectionCalcivirus (Khaleesi, from nothing to DRAGONS DOTHRAKI HOARDE SECOND SONS TYRION GREYJOYS TYRELLS SANDSNAKES)
Avian fecesCryptococcus (oral lesions in HIV/AIDS pts)
Fungus ballsaspergilloma
Protozoa ? ?pneumocystis carinii
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Dentistry is for nerdz
Question Answer
Dental lamina week ___6
When striae of retzius show on a tooth ...perikymata
Remnants of root sheathepithelial rests of malassez
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Associations
Question Answer
Peyer's Patchesjejunum
Plexus that stimulates peristalsisMyenteric plexus
Plexus that responds to chemical stimuliMeissener's plexus
Barrett's esophagussimple columnar in distal esophagus (should be stratified squamous)
Pyloric stinosisbaby's pylorus won't open (emergency!)
Iron absorptionDUODENUM (duuudes lift iron)
DJ Ileumduodenum jejunum ileum
B12ILEUM
Stomach acidparietal cells (oxyntic)
Pepsinogenchief cells
GastrinG cells (stimulated by distension, travels through blood --> acid)
Lipasechief cells
Serotonin, somatostatin, secretin, gastrin, motilin,VIP, cholecystocykinin are produced by... enteroendocrine cells
At the base of Lieburkuhn glands (crypts)paneth cells
Coats surface of microvilliglycocalyx
Rathke's Pouchanterior pituitary
Prolactin, GH - ___ophils ... acidophils
TSH, FSH, LH, MST, ACTH - ___ ophilsbasophils
Herring bodiesin posterior pituitary they store oxytocin and ADH
Glomerulosaaldosterone
Fasciculatacortisone
Reticularisandrogens
Islets of Langerhansglucagon and insulin (more abundant in tail of pancreas)
Type II alveolar cellssurfactant
Thyroglossal duct remnantforamen cecum
Maxillary artery divided by...lateral pterygoid
80S ribosome ___karyotes. 70S ___karyotes.eukaryotes, prokaryotes
Beta- 1, 4 linkbacterial cell wall (glucosamine, muramic acid)
M proteinstreptococci
Toxoid vaccinesexotoxin
TSSTStaph
Blood agar hemolyticStrep
OptochinStrep
Alpha hemolytic StrepS. pneumonia (also Viridans - mutans, mitis, sanguis, salviarius)
Lancefield antigenStrep beta-hemolytic A-D & F-G
Beta hemolytic StrepS. pyogenes
Gas gangrene / myonecrosisC. perfringens
Tetanospasmin neurotoxinC. tetani
Floppy baby syndromeC. botulinum
Cholera cause by ___toxinenterotoxin
Pontiac feverLegionella
Acid-fast bacilli w/ mycolic acidtuberculosis
Ghon complexestuberculosis
Acid- fast bacilli - armadillosmycobacterium leprae
Gummatertiary syphilis
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