Create
Learn
Share

BNS Exam 2- Ch7 p3 Asepsis & Infection Control

rename
icorojo's version from 2018-04-16 00:44

DONNING STERILE GLOVES

Question Answer
A nurse must don sterile glovesbefore working in the OR and before assisting with certain sterile procedures or working in special treatment areas
2 methods of donning glovesopen and closed
Open glovingused on general nursing divisions before procedures such as dressing changes or urinary catheter insertions
Closed glovingperformed when the nurses wear sterile gowns and is practiced in OR and special treatment areas
With closed glovingcontamination of the sterile gown is prevented
memorize

CLEANING

Question Answer
Cleaningthe removal of foreign materials, such as soil and organic material, from objects
It generally involvesthe use of water and mechanical action with or without detergents
Contaminated disposable objectsare usually discarded
Reusable objectsmust be cleaned thoroughly and then either disinfected or sterilized
When cleaning equipment that is contaminated by organic materialthe nurse applies a mask and protective eyewear and waterproof gloves
memorize

DISINFECTION

Question Answer
Disinfectionused to destroy microorganisms, but it does NOT destroy spores
Solutions used are calleddisinfectants or bactericidal solutions
These solutions aretoo strong for human skin and are used only on inanimate objects
The nurse should useclean gloves to protect the skin
memorize

STERILIZATION

Question Answer
Sterilizationmethods used to kill all microorganisms, including spores
2 types of sterilization methodsphysical and chemical
Physical methoduses heat or radiation; steamed under pressure, boiling water, or dry heat
Physical method exampleautoclave
Chemical methodgas (ethylene oxide) and chemical solutions such as iodine, alcohol, and chlorine bleach
memorize

PREVENTION OF INFECTION IN THE HOME SETTING

Question Answer
Not sharing personal articlescombs, toothbrushes, razors, and wash-cloths
Covering one'smouth when coughing and sneezing
Basic principles of hygiene includebathing
memorize

*Worksheet

Question Answer
What does MSDS stand for?material safety data sheet
What is the MSDS?informational document regarding safety, handling procedures, & precautions for materials used in the workplace
Who requires every facility to have MSDS manual?Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) & Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Airborne precautions are necessary to prevent the spread of pediculosisFALSE. Pediculosis refers to infestation with lice.
Give examples how Microorganisms can enter a HOSTHost is another person or animal that is susceptible to the pathogen; portal of entry via skin, mucous lining, or mouth
What does MRSA stand for?Methicilin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
What is MRSA?found to be responsible for a number of serious and sometimes fatal infections; Resistant to most antibiotics; Found in health care facilities (nosocomial); Difficult to contain; Easily spread
MRSA typical isolation techniques usedcontact precautions in addition to standard precautions
In the chain of infection, give 3 good examples of a RESERVOIRhumans, animals, & environmental sources; in the hospital settings soiled or wet dressings, hospital equipment
Describe a SPOREa round body that is formed by the bacterium when conditions are unfavorable for growth of the bacterium; remains dormant until environmental conditions become favorable for growth
Why is a spore so difficult to treat or killit has a high degree of resistance to heat and disinfectants
What are some examples of spores?Clostridium (tetanus, gangrene, botulism), & Bacillus anthracis
Virulent: definedhighly pathogenic and disease producing describes a microorganism
TBairborne precautions; negative-pressure isolation room; wear N-95 or higher level respirator
Escherichia coliis found within our large intestine and require contact precautions
memorize

**Airborne precautions ( my chicken hez tb ):

Question Answer
mymeasles
chickenchickenpox
hezherpes zoster (disseminated)
tbtuberculosis
*private room
*negative pressure with 6-12 air exchanges per hour
*mask
*n95 mask for tb
memorize

**Droplet precautions ( think of spiderman ):

Question Answer
ssepsis
sscarlet fever
sstreptococcal pharyngitis
pparvovirus b19
ppertussis
ppneumonia
iinfluenza
ddiphtheria (pharyngeal)
eepiglottitis
rrubella
mmumps
mmeningitis
mmycoplasma or meningeal pneumonia
anadenovirus
*private room
*mask
memorize

**Contact precautions ( mrs.wee ):

Question Answer
mmultidrug resistant organism
rrespiratory infection - rsv
sskin infections
wwound infections
eenteric infections - clostridium difficile
eeye infections
*private room
*gloves
*gown
memorize

**Skin infections:

Question Answer
vvaricella zoster
ccutaneous diptheria
hherpes simplex
iimpetigo
ppediculosis
sscabies, staphylococcus
*private room
*gloves
*gown
memorize

Recent badges