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BLOOD BASICS

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antanea's version from 2017-06-27 04:20

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Question Answer
Erythrocytescarry oxygen bound to hemoglobin, no nucleus, and biconcave
Leukocytesimportant in defense, nuclei
plasmacontains nutrients, wastes, hormones, metabolites, proteins, and mineral salts
2 types of leukocytesgranulocytes and agranulocytes
granulocytesneutrophil, eosinophils, and basophils
neutrophil40-70%, multi lobed nucleus, first in fighting infection
eosinophils1-4%, bilobed nucleus, increases during parasitic infection and allergic reaction, may phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes
Basophil<1%, granules contain histamine and heparin
agranulocytesno granules
lymphocytessmallest leukocytes
B-lymphocyteshumoral immunity
T lymphocytescell mediated immunity
Monocytelargest(4-8%), kidney shaped nucleus, increase during chronic infection
plateletscell fragments, function in blood clotting
female-42+-5
male-47.0+-7
hemoglobin responsible for oxygen transport
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