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Biogeography Definitions

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lsharman's version from 2016-05-22 10:20

Section 1

Question Answer
Biogeographythe studies of patterns of species composition and diversity across geographical location
Successionthe change in species composition in communities over time
Primary Successioninvolves the colonisation of habitats devoid of life
Secondary Successioninvolves re-establishment of a community in which some organisms have been destroyed via disturbance
Climax Stagea stable point with little change
Endemicspecies that occur nowhere else on Earth
Regional Scaleclimate is roughly uniform an the species are bound by dispersal to that region
Local Scaleequivalent to a community
Beta Diversitychange in species number and composition, or turnover of species as one moves from one community to another
Vicarianceevolutionary separation of a species due to a barrier
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Section 2

Question Answer
NearcticN. America
NeotropicalS. America
PalearcticEurope / Russia
OrientalChina / Indo
EthiopianAfrica
AustralianAustralia
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