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~Biochem~

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gsafsaf's version from 2015-06-24 00:01

Site of Metabolism "HUGs take two"

Question Answer
fatty acid oxidation (ß-oxidation)mito
acetyl CoA productionmito
TCAmito
oxidative phosphorylationmito
ketogenesismito
glycolysiscyto
fatty acid synthesiscyto
HMP shuntcyto
protein synthesiscyto (RER)
steroid synthesiscyto (SER)
cholesterol synthesiscyto
heme synthesismito + cyto
urea cyclemito + cyto
gluconeogenesismito + cyto
memorize

RLEs

Question Answer
glycolysisphosphofructokinase-1
gluconeogenesisfructose-1,6-bisphosphate
TCAisocitrate dehydrogenase
glycogenesisglycogen synthase
glycogenolysisglycogen phosphorylase
HMP shuntG6PD
de novo pyrimidine synthcarbamoyl P sythetase II
de novo purine synthPRPP amidotransferase
urea cyclecarbamoyl P synthetase I
fatty acid synthacetyl-CoA carboxylase
fatty acid oxidationcarnitine acyltransferase I
ketogenesisHMG-CoA synthase
cholesterol synthesisHMG-CoA reductase
memorize

Regulators of Metabolic Pathways (N.B. nothing regulates ketogenesis [HMG-CoA synthase])

Question Answer
ATP+ gluconeogenesis
ATP+ de novo pyrimidine synth
ATP- glycolysis
ATP- TCA
ATP- glycogenolysis
ADP+ TCA
AMP+ glycogenolysis
AMP+ glycolysis
AMP- de novo purine synth
IMP+ de novo purine synth
UTP- de novo pyrimidine synth
GMP- de novo purine synth
memorize

 

Question Answer
insulin+ glycogenesis
insulin+ fatty acid synth
insulin+ cholesterol synth
insulin- glycogenolysis
glucagon+ glycogenolysis
glucagon- glycogenesis
glucagon- fatty acid synth
glucagon- cholesterol synthesis
memorize

 

Question Answer
fructose-2,6-bisphosphate+ glycolysis
fructose-2,6-bisphosphate- gluconeogenesis
glucose-6-P- glycogenolysis
citrate- glycolysis
citrate+ fatty acid synthesis
acetyl-CoA+ gluconeogenesis
palmitoyl-CoA- fatty acid synthesis
malonyl-CoA- fatty acid oxidation
epinephrine+ glycogenolysis
epinephrine- glycogenesis
cortisol+ glycogenolysis
thyroxine+ cholesterol synthesis
cholesterol- cholesterol synthesis
N-acetylglutamate+ urea cycle
NADH- TCA
NADP++ HMP shunt
NADPH- HMP shunt
memorize