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Biochem - A banana in an ocean

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lunalovegood's version from 2016-07-25 00:51

Section

VITAMINS
Question Answer
Bleeding gumsVit C
Failed wound healing, bruise easily, increased infectionsVit C
BeriberiB1 (Thiamin)
Cheilosis, magenta tongueB2 (Riboflavin)
Pellagra, beefy red tongueB3 (Niacin)
Burning feet syndromeB5 (pantothenic acid)
Aids in fat synthesis, scaly dermatitis, alopeciaB7 (biotin)
Prevents birth defects of spine, brainB9 (folate)
Aids in building genetic materialB12 (cobalamin)
Megaloplastic anemiaB9 (folate), B12 (cobalamin)
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SYNTHESIS OF AA
Question Answer
3 positive AAlysine, arginine, histidine
alpha-ketoglutarateglutamate ---> glutamine, proline, arginine (grr, grr, grr, pirates, arg)
3-phosphoglycerateserine --> glycine & cysteine
oxaloacetateaspartate ---> asparagine, methionine, lysine, threonine --> isoleucine
pyruvatealanine, valine, leucine, isoleucine
phosphoenolpyruvate --> chorismatetryptophan, tyrosine, phenylalanine
ribose-5-phosphatehistidine
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NERVE
Question Answer
caudate nucleusbasal ganglia
putamen, globus pallidus, subthalamic nucleusbasal ganglia
substantia nigrabasal ganglia
Voluntary movements, establishing postures basal ganglia
Parkinson's, Huntington's, Wilson disease --- dysfunction of the...basal ganglia
Relays all sensory stimuli EXCEPT olfactorythalamus
Before the cerebral cortex.... and after the cerebral cortexthalamus (and limbic system)
Cerebellumhindbrain
Ponshindbrain
Medulla oblongatahindbrain
Equilibrium, coordinationcerebellum
Exit pt of CN 5, 6, 7pons
Primary motor areafrontal cortex
Personality, judgement, social reasoning, language expressionfrontal cortex
Hearing, language comprehension, stores and recalls memoriestemporal
Pain, temperature, touch, size, shape, distance, texture, awareness of body shapeparietal
Interpret visual stimulioccipital
Gray mattercell bodies
White mattermyelinated axons
Spinothalamicascending
DC-MLascending
Pyramidaldescending
Extrapyramidaldescending
Motor impulsesanterior (ventral) horn aka ventral root ganglia
Sensory impulsesposterior (dorsal) horn aka dorsal root ganglia
Inhibitory neutotransmittersglycine, GABA
Pre symp autoAch
Pre para autoAch
Post para autoAch
Post para somAch
Post sympmajority are noradrenergic
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FOOD
Question Answer
HClparietal cells (oxyntic)
Intrinsic factorparietal cells (oxyntic)
Pepsinogenchief cells
GastrinG cells (enteroendocrine cells)
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HEART
Question Answer
Highest blood BP?aorta (100mmHg)
Lowest BP?venae cavae (4mmHg)
2 AV valvestricuspid, mitral
Right AV valvetricuspid
Left AV valvemitral
AV valve 3 cuspstriscupid
AV valve 2 cuspsmitral
AV valves attached on ___ sideventricular
AV valves attached via ...chordae tendinae
2 semilunar valvespulmonary, aortic
Right semilunar valvepulmonary
Left semilunar valveaortic
Smaller valves semilunar
BP shutssemilunar
Chordae tendinae shutsAV
Pacemaker of the heartSA node
SA node locationright atrium
SA node goes to -->AV node
AV node goes to -->AV bundle (bundle of His)
AV bundle goes to -->Purkinje fibers
1st heart soundAV valves
2nd heart sound semilunar valves
BP systole & diastole refers to...ventricular systole & diastole
Splitting of 2nd heart sound?aortic closes before pulmonary
Atrial depolP wave
Ventricular depolQRS complex
Atrial repolcan't see
Ventricular repolT wave
IsoelectricS-T segment
Frank-Starlinggreater venous return, greater cardiac output
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