Behavior Science - Block 2 - Part 2

davidwurbel7's version from 2015-10-30 15:17

Human Sexuality

Question Answer
Motivations, Drives and Personality. School Age. Puberty - Behavioral and Physiological Component - Androgen required. Parading. What’s sexy? Social Signals. Falling In Love - Pair Bonding and Tie SignsDesire Phase
Show off what you have and also see what is availableParading
Turning to see attractive peopleCraning
Physiological changes in the body that prepares the body to engage in sexual activityExcitement Phase
Rhythmic contraction of the pubocoxygeal muscleOrgasm Phase
Has a refractory period after orgasm in which they cannot have another orgasmMale
Time in which another orgasm cannot happenRefractory Period
Does not have a refractory period after orgasmFemale
Defined as inhibition in one or more of the psychophysiological phasesSexual Dysfunctions
Factors include biological, psychological, and socioeconicPredictors of Sexual Dysfunction
Decreased frequency of coitus. Overt cause of lack of desire. Behaviors indicative of lack of desireHypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder
Disorder in which one exposes their genitals to anotherExhibitionism
Disorder in which one rubs up against another for sexual gratificationFrotteurism
Disorder in which one obtains sexual pleasure from having pain inflicted upon themselvesMasochism
Disorder in which one wear the clothes of the opposite sex to get sexual gratificationTransvestitism
Disorder in which one obtains sexual pleasure from inflicting pain upon othersSadism
Disorder in which one is sexually attached to underage boys or girlsPedophilia
Disorder in which one obtains sexual pleasure from viewing others usually without the one being viewed knowledgeVoyeurism
Disorder in which one obtains sexual pleasure because of inanimate objects (ie leather, vinyl, shoes...etc)Fetishism
Aversion to genital sexual contact. Repugnance toward sex. Phobic responseSexual Aversion Disorder
Inhibition during sexual activity. Inability to attain or maintain erection. Lack of sexual excitement or pleasure. Primary, secondary or selective impotenceSexual Arousal Disorders in Males
Never had an erection in life and still cannot get an erectionPrimary Sexual Arousal Disorder
Able to have an erection in the past but cannot get an erection nowSecondary Sexual Arousal Disorder
Able to have an erection in certain situations but cannot get an erection in other situationsSelective Sexual Arousal Disorder
Inability to attain or maintain sufficient sexual excitement causing personal distress, which may be expressed as a lack of subjective excitement or genital (lubrication/swelling) or other somatic responsesFemale Sexual Arousal Disorder
Despite the self-report of high sexual arousal/ excitement, there is either lack of orgasm, markedly diminished intensity of orgasmic sensations or marked delay of orgasm from any kind of stimulation Woman's Orgasmic Disorder (Anorgasmia)
Delay in, or absence of, orgasm following normal sexual excitement. Retarded, NOT retrograde, ejaculationMale Orgasmic Disorder (Delayed Ejaculation)
Biological Factors include Chronic Prostatitis, Diabetes Mellitus and Hyperthyroidism. Usually treating the biological cause will treat the PE. Psychological Factors are more likely to produce primary PE. More common in college educated populationPremature Ejaculation
Man has always had a problems with ejaculationPrimary Premature Ejaculation (Usually Psychological)
Man had been able to control ejaculation in the pass but now cannot control itAcquired Premature Ejaculation (Usually Biological)
Pain during sexual intercourse. Occurs in 30% of womanDyspareunia
Vaginal muscles involuntarily clamp down when anything is about to penetrate the vagina therefore preventing penetrationVaginismus
Person has no interest in sex and does not want anything to do with anything that has to do with sexAversion Disorder

Sex Therapy

Question Answer
Sensory Awareness. Nongenital massage. Increases sense of pleasure & sensitivity. Proceed to genital massageSensate Focus
Treatment for Erectile DysfunctionSeman's Technique
“Start-Stop”. Male inferior position. Side-to-side position. Male Superior positionSeman's Technique
Used to treat premature ejaculation“Squeeze” Technique
Partner stimulates the male to the point of ejaculation of inevitability at which point the partner presses on the penis just below the glans penisSqueeze Technique
Treatment is similar to that of phobia treatment. The patient relaxes and imagines the smallest of dilators inserted into the vagina. This moves forward until the patient can imagine all dilators being inserted. Once the patient can imagine all dilator, the patient then begins to insert the dilators for real moving from smallest to largest.Vaginismus Treatment

Treatment of Mental and Emotional Disorders

Question Answer
A specialized formal interaction between a mental health practitioner and a client in which a therapeutic relationship is established to help to resolve symptoms of mental disorder, psychosocial stress, relationship problems and difficulties in coping in the social environmentPsychotherapy
Clinical Psychologists-counseling psychologists, Marriage and Family Therapists-Psychiatrists, Psychiatric Nurses-Psychoanalysts-Clinical and Social Workers-Pastoral Counselors are different types ofTherapists
Psychoanalysis, Client Centered Therapy (humanistic) and Family Systems Therapy are part of this group of PsychotherapyInsight Therapy
Systematic Desensitization, Cognitive Therapy and Aversion Therapy are part of this group of PsychotherapyBehavior Therapy
Problems arise from unconscious feelings and conflicts. The goal is catharsis. Therapy may consist of Free Association, Resistance, Transference (but not Counter Transference…or can it be useful?), Dream Analysis and Pros and ConsPsychoanalytic Therapy
The uncovering & resolving of unconscious conflictsCatharsis
Problems arise when one’s “ideal self” differs from their real self. The goal of this therapy is to create an environment so client can help self. The premise is that humans are innately good and can cure themselves given the right environment. Focuses on the conscious, not the unconscious. Therapy consists of a person-to-person relationship (Therapist and Client are equals), Giving unconditional positive regard, Showing empathy, Active listening and Reflecting the client’s thoughts and feelingsClient Centered Therapy
The goal is to increase self-awareness and self- acceptance. Focuses on emotions and feelings. Methods include to frustrate, challenge and confront the client. Offer opinions, not just reflections. The “chair” techniqueGestalt Therapy
The goal is detect unrealistic, self-defeating and irrational thoughts and to develop alternative rational beliefs. Focuses on changing negative thoughts and beliefs, an innate biological fault in humans, in order to eliminate maladaptive behaviors. The approach is our emotions are a result of our cognitions. The ABCs of emotional distress - A = activating event, B = belief, C = emotional/behavioral consequencesRational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT)
The goal is to encourage appropriate behavior through learning. Uses the classical conditioning techniques - Systematic Desensitization and Aversive conditioning (Aversive therapy). Modeling (Social learning theory). Operant Conditioning Techniques include extinction, punishment, token economyBehavioral Therapies
Most problems develop in a family setting. The goal is to improve family relationships/communication. Therapists prefer to talk to family members togetherFamily Systems Therapy
Most therapists practice this type of therapyEclectic Therapy
The number of psychotherapy sessions in which the client improves the most and after which there is still some improvement but not as dramatic26
The patient can see changes in their body on monitors when they try to make changes in their bodyBiofeedback
Involves 8-12 sessions of relaxation training. This is combined with intensive home practice. Practice includes muscle relaxation, autogenics, breathing relaxation and imageryBiofeedback Therapy

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