Create
Learn
Share

Behavior Science - Block 1 - Part 2

rename
davidwurbel7's version from 2015-10-02 14:51

Defense Mechanisms

Question Answer
Defense mechanism that an event did not happen so that the event does not cause anxietyDenial
Defense mechanism in which feelings we have about ourselves that we place on another person or object and we react to that person or object as though they have that feeling. Very common in Paranoid SchizophreniaProjection
Defense mechanism in which we twist facts to make yourself look betterDistortion
Defense mechanism in a which a person or object is all good or all bad. Everything is black and white. Very common in Borderline Personality DisorderSplitting
Defense mechanism in which feelings are acted on which could not be acted on at the timeActing Out
Defense mechanism in which anxiety about ones self is converted into anxiety about one's bodyHypochondriasis
Defense mechanism in which a person goes into a day dream until something in the real world brings you out of the day dreamSchizoid Fantasy
Defense mechanism in which a person under stress or anxiety is unable to say anything to prevent the stress or anxiety to go higherBlocking
Defense mechanism in which a person cannot express anger to a person directly but is able to express that anger in an indirect wayPassive Aggressive
Defense mechanism in which a person takes feelings about others that are moved to othersDisplacement
Defense mechanism in which angry feelings toward others is turned inward onto oneself which can lead to depression or low self esteemIntrojection
Defense mechanism in which a person separates the mind and body in order to avoid a situationDissociation
Defense mechanism in which a person learns as much as they can about a specific subject. The person does not associate the subject to themselves. It is alcoholism not their alcoholismIntellectualization
Defense mechanism in which a person tries to show that they are superior intellectually or physically. They really feel insecure and inadequateReaction Formation
Defense mechanism in which a person comes up with rational reasons for why they do irrational thingsRationalization
Defense mechanism in which a person puts someone else before themselves to make up for a bad thing they did in the pastAltruism
Defense mechanism in which a person tells jokes in order to mask anxietyHumor
Defense mechanism in which a person looks to a future that can beAnticipation
Defense mechanism in which a person has done something bad in the past and to make up for the bad things they punish themselves for the bad things that they had doneAscetism
Defense mechanism in which a person transforms socially unacceptable urges and turns them into socially acceptable outletsSublimation
Defense mechanism in which a person puts off things in order to not have to deal with itSuppression
memorize

Psychosexual Development

Question Answer
Age 0-18 months. The objective of this stage is trusting dependence. Incomplete resolution - Narcissism, Pessimism, Demandingness, Excessive Dependence, Envy & JealousyOral Stage
Age 1-3 years. The objective of this stage is independence & separation. Incomplete resolution - Orderliness, Stubborness, Frugality, Messiness, Defiance, Rage, SadomasochismAnal Stage
Age 3-5. Oedipal / Electra Complex. The objective of this stage is genital sexuality and groundwork for gender identification. Incomplete resolution - castration anxiety in males b) penis envy in women e.g. sexual inhibition or development of masculine tendencies c) homosexuality in both sexes is due to incomplete resolution according to theoryPhallic Stage
Incomplete resolution of this stage could lead to over compensation in which they show they are men by having many sexual conquests or relationship problems in which they are unable to maintain relationshipsPhallic Stage
Age 5 to puberty. Objective - Consolidations of sex role and identity. Unsuccessful resolution - Lack of impulse control and decreased skill developmentLatency Phase
Puberty to young adulthood. The objective of this stage is mature object relations. Incomplete resolution leads to pathological defects - “Identity Diffusion"Genital Phase
memorize

Learning Theory

Question Answer
The change in one’s behavior in given situations due to repeated experiences although single trial learning can occurLearning
Behavioral process whereby a response becomes more frequent or more predictable in a given environment as a result of reinforcement, with reinforcement typically being a stimulus or reward for a desired responseConditioning
Learning that results from repeated pairing of a neutral or conditioned stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus which is one that evokes a responseClassical Conditioning
This conditioning is a passive process on the part of the subjectClassical Conditioning
An unconditioned stimulus produces anUnconditioned Response
A conditioned stimulus produces aConditioned Response
The inability to differentiate between two similar stimuliStimulus Generalization
The ability to differentiate between two similar stimuliStimulus Discrimination
the organismic process that occurs wherein a stimulus, having evoked a response that brings into view a rewarding stimulus , thereafter is more likely to evoke that responseOperant (Instrumental) Conditioning
The response to a stimulus may also prevent or remove a noxious or punishing stimulusOperant (Instrumental) Conditioning
The person selects from a set of random responses only those that are followed by positive consequencesLaw of Effect
Makes a new behavior occur or maintains an old behaviorReinforcer
Reward schedule in which one action is rewarded by one rewardContinuous Schedule
Reward schedule in which two actions or three actions is rewarded by one rewardFixed Schedule
Reward schedule in which a random amount of actions is rewarded by one rewardVariable Schedule
Reward schedule in which time spend doing the behavior is rewardedInterval Schedule
Reward schedule in which the behavior is rewardedBehavior Schedule
Reward system in which a behavior is extinguishedPunishment
The conditioned response will eventually disappear if you stop pairing the unconditioned stimulus with the conditioned stimulusExtinction
Two similar Conditioned stimuli are so alike that this new, similar object elicits same response as CSStimulus Generalization
Ability to tell between 2 different stimuliStimulus Discrimination
Occurs after extinction; introduction of previously conditioned stimulus evokes conditioned responseSpontaneous Recovery
Behavior is increased by rewardPositive Reinforcement
Behavior is increased by escape or avoidanceNegative Reinforcement
Behavior is extinguishedPunishment
Teaching a complicated behavior in steps, you must first teach it in simple sections. Eventually, after rewarding continuous progression, the complicated behavior will be achievedShaping
Reinforcers that have an innate value in themPrimary Reinforcer
Reinforcers that do not have an innate value in themSecondary Reinforcer
The reward is the removal of a negative stimulus to continue to produce a behaviorNegative Reinforcement
memorize

Doctor / Patient Relationship

Question Answer
Patient understands they have a disease, they know what it is doing to them, they know they need to fix the problemComplete Insight
Patient understands they have a disease, they know what it is doing to them, they do not know they need to fix the problemIncomplete Insight
Patient does not understand they have a disease, they do not know what it is doing to them, they do not know they need to fix the problemPoor Insight
The patient transfers feelings for someone in the past and transfer them to an authority figure in the presentTransference
The physician develops less than professional feelings for a patientCounter Transference
Model of doctor / patient interaction in which the doctor knows what is best for the patient and that the patient needs to do itPaternalistic Model
Model of doctor / patient interaction in which the doctor provides information to the patient and leaves the decision up to the patientInformative Model
Model of doctor / patient interaction in which the doctor and patient are a team deciding together the course of action Interpretive Model
Model of doctor / patient interaction in which the doctor and patient treat the initial complaint but the doctor takes a look at other things that the patient may need (preventative medicine)Deliberative Model
memorize

Recent badges