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Basic, Intermediate, and Advanced Musical Terms

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kapuxuxi's version from 2016-07-27 06:02

Section 1 (Basic)

Question Answer
a temporeturn to the original tempo
adagioa slow tempo (slower than andante, but not as slow as largo)
alegrettofairly fast (a little slower than allegro)
allegrofast
andantemoderately slow; at a walking place
andantinoa little faster than andante
cantabilein a singing style
con pedale, con ped.with pedal
crescendo, cresc.becoming louder
memorize

Section 2 (Basic)

Question Answer
da capo, D.C.from the beginning
dal segno, D.S.from the sign
D.C. al finerepeat from the beginning and end at Fine
decrescendo, decresc.becoming softer
diminuendo, dim.becoming softer
dolcesweet, gentle
finethe end
forte, floud
fortissimo, ffvery loud
graziosograceful
memorize

Section 3 (Basic)

Question Answer
larghettonot as slow as largo
largovery slow
legatosmooth
lentoslow
maestosomajestic
mano destra, M.D.right hand
mano sinistra, M.S.left hand
marcato, marc.marked or stressed
mezzo forte, mfmoderately loud
mezzo piano, mpmoderately soft
moderatoat a moderate tempo
memorize

Section 4 (Basic)

Question Answer
ottava, 8vathe interval of an octave
pedale, ped.pedal
pianissimo, ppvery soft
piano, psoft
prestissimoas fast as possible
prestovery fast
rallentando, rall.slowing down
ritardando, rit. slowing down gracefully
staccatodetached
tempospeed at which music is performed
tempo primo (Tempo I)return to the original tempo
tenutoheld, sustained
memorize

Section 5 (Intermediate)

Question Answer
accelerando, accel.becoming quicker
alla, all'in the manner of
animatolively, animated
assaimuch, very much (for example: allegro assai, very fast)
ben, benewell (for example: ben marcato, well marked)
brillantebrilliant
col, coll' colla, collewith (for example: coll'ottava, with an added octave)
conwith
con briowith vigor, spirit
con espressionewith expression
con motowith movement
e, edand
espressivo, espress.expressive, with expression
memorize

Section 6 (Intermediate)

Question Answer
fortepiano, fploud, then suddenly soft
graveslow and solemn
leggierolight, nimble, quick
locoreturn to normal register
mabut (for example: ma non troppo, but not too much)
meno mossomore movement (quicker)
M.M.Maelzel's metronome
moltomuch, very
nonnot
non tropponot too much
memorize

Section 7 (Intermediate)

Question Answer
piumore
piu mossomore movement (quicker)
pocolittle
poco a pocolittle by little
quasialmost, as if
rubatowith some freedom of tempo to enhance musical expression
semprealways, continuously
spiritosospirited
tranquilloquiet, tranquil
tre cordethree strings; release the left piano pedal
troppotoo much
una cordaone string; depress the left piano pedal
vivacelively, brisk
memorize

Section 8 (Advanced, French and German)

Question Answer
cédezyield; hold the tempo back
légerlight; lightly
lentementslowly
modéréat a moderate tempo
mouvementtempo; motion
vitefast
bewegtagitated, excited (moving)
langsamslow, slowly
massigmoderate; moderately
mit Ausdruckwith expression
sehrvery
schnellfast
memorize

Section 9 (Advanced, Italian)

Question Answer
ad libitum, ad lib.at the liberty of the performer
agitatoagitated
allargando, allarg.broadening, becoming slower
arcofor stringed instruments: resume bowing after a pizzicato passage
attaccaproceed without a break ( at once)
calandobecoming slower and softer
comodoat a comfortable, easy tempo
con fuocowith fire
con graziawith grace
con sordinowith mute
dolentesad
memorize

Section 10 (Advanced, Italian)

Question Answer
giocosohumorous, jocose
grandiosogrand, grandiose
largamentebroadly (slow)
l'istesso tempothe same tempo (same speed)
martellatostrongly accented, hammered
mestosad, mournful
morendodying, fading away
memorize

Section 11 (Advanced, Italian)

Question Answer
pesanteweighty, with emphasis
pizzicatofor stringed instruments: pluck the string instead of bowing
primo, primafirst; the upper part of a duet
quindicesima alta (15ma)two octaves higher
risolutoresolute
ritenuto, riten.suddenly slower, held back
memorize

Section 12 (Advanced, Italian)

Question Answer
scherzandoplayful
secondo, secondasecond; second or lower part of a duet
semplicesimple
sforzando, SF, SFZa sudden strong accent of a single note or chord
similecontinue in the same manner as has just been indicated
sonoresonorous
sopraabove
sostenutosustained
sotto vocesoft, subdued, under the breath
stringendopressing, becoming faster
subitosuddenly
memorize

Section 13 (Advanced, Italian)

Question Answer
tacetbe silent
tuttia passage for the ensemble
vivolively
voltatime (for example, prima volta, first time; seconda volta, second time)
volti subito, v.s.turn the page quickly
memorize