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Basic and Intermediate Musical Terms

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hifegewo's version from 2015-09-18 02:30

Section 1

Question Answer
a temporeturn to the original tempo
adagioa slow tempo (slower than andante, but not as slow as largo)
alegrettofairly fast (a little slower than allegro)
allegrofast
andantemoderately slow; at a walking place
andantinoa little faster than andante
cantabilein a singing style
con pedale, con ped.with pedal
crescendo, cresc.becoming louder
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
da capo, D.C.from the beginning
dal segno, D.S.from the sign
D.C. al finerepeat from the beginning and end at Fine
decrescendo, decresc.becoming softer
diminuendo, dim.becoming softer
dolcesweet, gentle
finethe end
forte, floud
fortissimo, ffvery loud
graziosograceful
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
larghettonot as slow as largo
largovery slow
legatosmooth
lentoslow
maestosomajestic
mano destra, M.D.right hand
mano sinistra, M.S.left hand
marcato, marc.marked or stressed
mezzo forte, mfmoderately loud
mezzo piano, mpmoderately soft
moderatoat a moderate tempo
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
ottava, 8vathe interval of an octave
pedale, ped.pedal
pianissimo, ppvery soft
piano, psoft
prestissimoas fast as possible
prestovery fast
rallentando, rall.slowing down
ritardando, rit. slowing down gracefully
staccatodetached
tempospeed at which music is performed
tempo primo (Tempo I)return to the original tempo
tenutoheld, sustained
memorize

Section 5

Question Answer
accelerando, accel.becoming quicker
alla, all'in the manner of
animatolively, animated
assaimuch, very much (for example: allegro assai, very fast)
ben, benewell (for example: ben marcato, well marked)
brillantebrilliant
col, coll' colla, collewith (for example: coll'ottava, with an added octave)
conwith
con briowith vigor, spirit
con espressionewith expression
con motowith movement
e, edand
espressivo, espress.expressive, with expression
memorize

Section 6

Question Answer
fortepiano, fploud, then suddenly soft
graveslow and solemn
leggierolight, nimble, quick
locoreturn to normal register
mabut (for example: ma non troppo, but not too much)
meno mossomore movement (quicker)
M.M.Maelzel's metronome
moltomuch, very
nonnot
non tropponot too much
memorize

Section 7

Question Answer
piumore
piu mossomore movement (quicker)
pocolittle
poco a pocolittle by little
quasialmost, as if
rubatowith some freedom of tempo to enhance musical expression
semprealways, continuously
spiritosospirited
tranquilloquiet, tranquil
tre cordethree strings; release the left piano pedal
troppotoo much
una cordaone string; depress the left piano pedal
vivacelively, brisk
memorize