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Bacterial phyla

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gudnyf's version from 2015-12-08 20:01

Important bacterial phyla sorted from most commonly found (1) to least commonly found (34)

Question Answer
Thermotogae26
Aquificae23
Deinococcus-Thermus34
Chloroflexi (green non-sulfur bacteria)10
Thermodesulfobacteria32
Spirochaetes14
Chlorobi (green sulfur bacteria)20
Cyanobacteria25
Planctomycetes11
Chlamydiae27
Verrucomicrobia12
Fibrobacteres28
Lentisphaerae24
Gemmatimonadetes19
Fusobacteria15
Tenericutes16
Firmicutes2
Actinobacteria5
Bacteriodetes4
Acidobacteria9
Nitrospira17
Gammaproteobacteria3 (1 as a whole)
Betaproteobacteria6
Alphaproteobacteria7
Deltaproteobacteria8
Epsilonproteobacteria13
Zetaproteobacteria33
Synergistetes22
Deferribacteres18
Dictyoglomi30
Chrysiogenetes35
Armatimonadetes21
Caldiserica31
Elusimicrobia29
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Proteobacteria and their major metabolisms and chemolithotrophy

Question Answer
Anoxygenic phototrophyAlpha, Beta, Gamma
MethylotrophyAlpha, Beta, Gamma
Sulfate reductionDelta
Nitrogen fixationAlpha, Beta, Gamma
Sulfur compounds lithotrophyBeta, Gamma, Epsilon
Ferrous iron lithotrophyBeta, Gamma, Epsilon, Zeta
Ammonia/nitrite lithotrophyAlpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta
Hydrogen lithotrophyAlpha, Beta
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Proteobacteria and their major metabolisms and chemolithotrophy

Question Answer
ZetaproteobacteriaMariprofundus ferrooxydans, marine iron-oxidising only specie in this class
AlphaproteobacteriaMethylotrophy, Ammonia/nitrite lithotrophy, Anoxygenic phototrophy, Nitrogen fixation, Hydrogen lithotrophy, Aerobic respiration,
GammaproteobacteriaAmmonia/nitrite lithotrophy, Anoxygenic phototrophy, Ferrous iron oxidation lithotrophy, Sulfur compounds lithotrophy, Nitrogen fixation, Aerobic respiration, Methylotrophy
BetaproteobacteriaFerrous iron oxidation lithotrophy, Ammonia/nitrite lithotrophy, Methylotrophy, Nitrogen fixation, Hydrogen lithotrophy, Aerobic respiration, Anoxygenic phototrophy, Sulfur compounds lithotrophy
EpsilonproteobacteriaAerobic respiration, Ferrous iron oxidation lithotrophy, Sulfur compounds lithotrophy
DeltaproteobacteriaSulfate reduction, Aerobic respiration, Ammonia/nitrite lithotrophy
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Major genera among the proteobacteria

Question Answer
NitrosococcusGammaproteobacteria, Ammonia/nitrite lithotrophy
ThermochromatiumGammaproteobacteria, Anoxygenic phototrophy
AcidithiobacillusGammaproteobacteria, Ferrous iron oxidation lithotrophy
BeggiatoaGammaproteobacteria, Sulfur compounds lithotrophy
PseudomonasGammaproteobacteria, Nitrogen fixation
VibrioGammaproteobacteria, Aerobic respiration
EscherichiaGammaproteobacteria, Aerobic respiration
MethylobacterGammaproteobacteria, Methylotrophy
GallionellaBetaproteobacteria, Ferrous iron oxidation lithotrophy
NitrosomonasBetaproteobacteria, Ammonia/nitrite lithotrophy
MethylophilusBetaproteobacteria, Methylotrophy
DerxiaBetaproteobacteria, Nitrogen fixation
RalstoniaBetaproteobacteria, Hydrogen lithotrophy
SpirillumBetaproteobacteria, Aerobic respiration
RhodocyclusBetaproteobacteria, Anoxygenic phototrophy
ThiobacillusBetaproteobacteria, Sulfur compounds lithotrophy
NeisseriaBetaproteobacteria, Aerobic respiration
MethylobacteriumAlphaproteobacteria, Methylotrophy
NitrobacterAlphaproteobacteria, Ammonia/nitrite lithotrophy
RhodopseudomonasAlphaproteobacteria, Anoxygenic phototrophy
BeijerinckiaAlphaproteobacteria, Nitrogen fixation
ParacoccusAlphaproteobacteria, Hydrogen lithotrophy
AzotobacterAlphaproteobacteria, Nitrogen fixation
RickettsiaAlphaproteobacteria, obligate intracellular parasites
AcetobacterAlphaproteobacteria,acetic acid bacteria
MariprofundusZetaproteobacteria, Ferrous iron oxidation lithotrophy
CampylobacterEpsilonproteobacteria, Microaerophilic, chemoorganotrophic
SulfurimonasEpsilonproteobacteria, Ferrous iron oxidation lithotrophy
ThiovulumEpsilonproteobacteria, Sulfur compounds lithotrophy
WolinellaEpsilonproteobacteria, anaerobic respiration using fumarate, nitrate, or other compounds as terminal electron acceptor, and with H2 or formate as electron donor
DesulfosarcinaDeltaproteobacteria, Sulfate reduction
DesulfovibrioDeltaproteobacteria, Sulfate reduction
MyxococcusDeltaproteobacteria, Bacterial predators such as this consume other microorganisms. They have a complex developmental cycle that involves the formation of fruiting bodies that contain myxospores
NitrospinaDeltaproteobacteria, Ammonia/nitrite lithotrophy
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Firmicutes, Tenericutes, and Actinobacteria

 

Question Answer
Anoxygenic phototrophyAlpha, Beta, Gamma
MethylotrophyAlpha, Beta, Gamma
Sulfate reductionDelta
Nitrogen fixationAlpha, Beta, Gamma
Sulfur compounds lithotrophyBeta, Gamma, Epsilon
Ferrous iron lithotrophyBeta, Gamma, Epsilon, Zeta
Ammonia/nitrite lithotrophyAlpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta
Hydrogen lithotrophyAlpha, Beta
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