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Bacterial genetics

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omranalzobaidi's version from 2015-11-28 18:48

Section

Question Answer
Transformation ' competence 'take naked DNA from environment
TransformationSHiN (S.pneumo, H.influenza, Nesseria)
Conjugationtransfer of plasmid dsDNA from F+ to F-, or F+ can incorporate into DNA, termed high-frequency recombination cell.
TranspositionDNA segment that jump from one location to another, can transfer gene from plasmid to chromosome.
Generalized transductionLytic phage, cleave bacteria DNA, package, part of DNA in viral capsid -> infect another bacteria
Specialized transductionLysogenic phage, viral DNA incorporate into bacteria chromosome, bacteria gene excise with phage DNA -> infect another bacteria
Lysogeny specialized transductionShiga-like toxin, Botulinum toxin, Cholera toxin, Diptheria toxin, Erythrogenic toxin (s.pyogene)
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