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Bacteria--OSU

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gerbust's version from 2016-02-17 01:06

Summary

Question Answer
Gram positive rodsBacillus, clostridium, Cornybacterium, Garnerella, Lactobacillus, Listeria, Mycobacterium (Acid fast), propionibacterium
Gram negative rodsbacteroides, camplyobacter, E. coli, klebsiella, helicobacter, Proteus, Pseudomonas, Salmonella, Serratia, Shigella, Vibrio, Yersinia
Gram + coccusStaph and strep
Gram - coccusM cararrhalis, Neisseria
GiemsaCertain Bugs, Really, Try my Patience Chlamydiae, Borrelia, Ricketsiae, Trypanosoma, Plasmodium
PASWhipple Disease
India InkCryptococcus neopformans
Silver stainH pylori, cocciodes, PCP, legionella
Black lightsyphilis
Not gram stain wellThese Microbes May Lack Real Color- Treponema, Mycobacteria, Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, Legionella, Rickettsia, Chlamydia
Chocolate agarH. influenzae
Thayer MartinNeisseriae
MacConkeyLactose fermenting
Lowernstein-Jensenmycobacterium
CharcolLegionella
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Exotoxins

Question Answer
Corynebacterium dipheriaEF-2
PseudomonasExotoxin A, EF-2
ShigellaShiga toxin Inactivate 60S
EHECShiga like toxin, inactivate 60S
ETECHeat labile/stable (Labile in air (Adenylate cyclase) -> Cl excretion, stable on the ground (guanylate) -> reducced NaCl reabsorbtion
Bacillus anthracisEdema toxin (acts like cAMP) Lethal toxin (Zinc metalloprotease -> inflammatory cytokines)
Choleraecholera toxin -> adenylate cyclase activity -> Cl secretion -> Diarrhea
Pertussis toxinoveractivates cAMP -> blocks G-protein -> impairing phagocytosis
tetanusProtease taht cleaves snare -> Impaired GABA and glycine release -> spasmodic
BotulinumProtease that cleaves snare -> Impaired ACh release -> flaccid
C. Perfingesalpha toxin -> Phospholipase that degrades tissues -> gas
Strep pyogenesStreptolysin O -> beta hemolysis; (SSA) Exotoxin A -> MHC 2/TCR simultaneous binding -> IL1, IL2, IFN-y, TNFalpha -> SHock
StaphTSST-1 -> MHC 2/TCR simultaneous binding -> IL1, IL2, IFN-y, TNFalpha -> SHock
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endotoxin

Question Answer
EndotoxinLPS lipid A portion -> ENDOTOXINS - - Edema, NO, DIC/Death, TNF-a, O-antigen + core polysaccharide + Lipid A, eXtreamly heat stable, IL-1/6, Neutrophil Chemotaxis, Shock
Endotoxn mechanism->Macrophage activation -> IL1/6 (Fever), TNFa (fever + hypotension), NO (Hypotension) -> Complement activation-> C3/5 -> Tissue factor activation-> DIC
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What is it?

Question Answer
Gram positive cocci catalase negative, alpha hemolysis, optochinin resistantVirdans (Mutans, mitis)
Gram positive cocci catalase negative, alpha hemolysis, optochinin sensitiveS. pneumoniae
Gram positive cocci catalase negative, beta hemolysis, bacitracin resistantGroup B strep (agalactiae)
Gram positive cocci catalase negative, beta hemolysis, bacitracin sensitiveGroup A (S pyogenes)
Gram positive cocci catalase negative, gamma hemolysisenterococcus
Gram positive cocci catalase posiitve, coagulase negative, novobiocin sensitiveS. epidermidis
Gram positive cocci catalase posiitve, coagulase negative, novobiocin sensitiveS saprophyticus
Gram positive cocci catalase posiitve, coagulase positiveS saprophyticus
Gram positive -Bacili aerobiclisteria,
Gram positive bacili anaerobicclostridium
Gram positive branching aerobicnocardia (acid fast)
Gram positive branching anaerobicActinomyces (notacid fast)
Gram negative cocci maltose utilizationN. meningitis
Gram negative cocci, not maltose utilizationN. gonorrhoeae
Gram negative rod oxidase negative lactose utilizationKlebsiella, E coli, citrobacter, serratia, enterobacter
Gram negative rod oxidase negative lactose non-userSalmonella, proteus, shigella, yersina
Gram negative rod oxidase negative lactose non-user swimmerSalmonella,
Gram negative rod oxidase negative lactose non-user non-swimmerProteus, shigella, yersina
Gram negative rod oxidase positivepseudomonas
Gram positive branching acid fastNocardia
Gram positive branching not acid fastActinomyces
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Zoonotic

Question Answer
AnaplasmaAnaplasmosis (Ixodes tick)
BartonellaCat scratch fever
Borrelia burgdorferiLyme disease from ixodes tick
Borrelia recurrentisRelapsing fever from louse
Brucella(Undulant fever from cows)
CampylobacterBlood diarrhea or vascular infection from pet fecces
Coxiella burnettiQ fever from cattle/sheep amniotic fluid
Ehrlichia chaffenensisAmblyomma (lone star tick)
Franciesella tularensisTularemia (Ticks, Rabbits)
LeptosporiaLeptospirosis from animal urine in water
M. lepraarmodillos or lepromatous humans
Pasturellcellulits from animal bite
Rickettsia prowazekiiEpidemic typhus from fleas
Salmonella sp except S typhiReptiles -> Diarrhea
Yersinia pesitsPlague from fleas (rats and praierie dogs)
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STI

Question Answer
ChancroidH. ducreyi (So mainful you do cry)
ChalmydiaD-K
Condyloma acuminataHPV 6/11
DonovanossisKlebsiellagranulomtis
Non-gonoccocal urethritisMycoplasma genitalium
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